The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory XVI (1831-1846)
Consistory of June 23, 1834 (VI)


(21) 1. TRIGONA E PARISI, Gaetano Maria (1767-1837)

Birth. June 2, 1767, Piazza Armerina, Sicily. From a family of the high baronial nobility. Son of Stefano Trigona (ca.1730-84), baron of Sant’Andrea, and Marianna Parisi. Relative of Filippo Maria Trigona (1735-1824), archbishop of Siracusa (1807-1814). Baptized on that same day in the cathedral of Piazza Armerina with the names Gaetano Maria Giuseppe Benedetto Placido Vincenzo and Francesco di Paola.

Education. Studied in Piazza Armerina.

Priesthood. Junio 18, 1791. Dean of fourth dignity of Collegio San Giuliano, Palermo, August 14, 1817. Vicar apostolic of the cathedral of Piazza Armerina. Presented for the see of Caltaginore by the king of the Two Sicilies, Ferdinand I, on June 18, 1818.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Caltaginore, Sicily, December 21, 1818. Consecrated, January 24, 1819, in the cathedral of Monreale, by Domenico Benedetto Balsamo, O.S.B., archbishop of Monreale. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Palermo, April 15, 1833.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 23, 1834; died before receiving the red hat and the title.

Death. July 5, 1837, of the plague, Palermo. Buried in the Franciscan convent of Baida, Palermo.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 932-933; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 27, 126 and 298.

Webgraphy. His portrait and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana; his bust in his cenotaph, cathedral of Palermo, Sicily, Italy, The Australian National University.

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(22) 2. BOTTIGLIA SAVOULX, Luigi (1752-1836)

Birth. February 16, 1752, Cavour, diocese of Turin, Piedmont. Youngest child of Francesco Andrea Bottiglia (+1752), of the counts of Savoulx, and Gaspara Gotti di Salerano. His baptismal name was Giovanni Giuseppe Francesco Luigi Antonio.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iuris, both civil and canon law, February 26, 1794.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 26, 1791. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, 1791. Governor of Todi, 1796. Relator of the S.C. of the Sacred Consulta. Consultor of the SS.CC. of the Tridentine Council and of the Index. Protonotary apostolic. Apostolic delegate in Benevento, ca. 1812. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, 1816; dean.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Perge in Pamphilia Secunda, March 15, 1826. Consecrated, April 2, 1826, in the church of the Premonstratenians, Rome by Cardinal Giuseppe Spina, assisted by Ignazio Nasalli, titular archbishop of Cirro, nuncio in Switzerland, and by Rodolfo Brignole Sale, titular bishop of Assura.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 23, 1834; received the red hat, June 26, 1834; and the title of S. Silvestro in Capite, August 1, 1834. Prefect of the Tribunal of the Signature of Grace, November 27, 1834.

Death. September 14, 1836, Rome. Exposed and buried in his title.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 27, 44 and 302.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, Wikipédia; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

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(23) 3. POLIDORI, Paolo (1778-1847)

Birth. January 4, 1778, Iesi. Of a wealthy bourgeois family. Son of Giuseppe Polidori (1730-1783), a physician, originally from Cagli, and Camilla Vici (1737-1803), daughter of Architect Arcangelo Vici. Among his brothers were Luigi Eustachio, canon in Milan and librarian at the Ambrosiana; and Arcangelo, bishop of Foligno (1834-1843). His father died when he was five years old.

Education. Studied at the University of Perugia.

Early life. He went to Rome in 1797 and decided to enter the ecclesiastical state.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1800. Vicar general of Viterbo, 1803-1806. Assistant of study of Cardinal Leonardo Antonelli, grand penitentiary, and his vicar general for the diocese of Ostia. When the French occupied Rome, he was arrested and deported to Milan; freed, sought refuge in Lorento until 1814. Privy chamberlain honorary. Administrator, for Cardinal Alessandro Mattei, of the dioceses of Ostia and Velletri. Secretary of Latin Letters. Secretary of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council. Secretary of the S.C. Consistorial and of the Sacred College of Cardinals since 1823. Secretary of the conclaves of 1829 and 1830-1831. Pro-secretary for the affairs of State, February 2-10, 1831. Prelate of the Congregation of Lorento in 1833.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 23, 1834; received the red hat, June 26, 1834; and the title of S. Eusebio, August 1, 1834. He became member of several important congregations of the Roman Curia as well as of some particular ones such the Congregation for the Reestablishment of the Benedictine Order in France (July 9, 1837); and the Congregation for China (November 17, 1840). Named prefect of the S.C. of the Religious Discipline on November 21, 1834. Named pro-prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council on July 27, 1840; and prefect, September 15, 1841 until his death. The title of S. Eusebio was suppressed by apostolic bull of Pope Gregory XVI on June 8, 1839, transferred to the church of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio, and assigned to another cardinal at that time. But it was not until July 12, 1841 that Cardinal Polidori opted for the title of S. Prassede. He was also abbot commendatario of Subiaco.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tarso, January 22, 1844. Consecrated, February 11, 1844, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica, Rome, by Pope Gregory XVI, assisted by Cardinal Costantino Patrizi Naro, vicar general of His Holiness for the City of Rome, and by Cardinal Gabriele Ferretti, prefect of the S.C. of Indulgences and Relics. Participated in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX.

Death. April 23, 1847, after a long illness, in Rome. Exposed and buried, according to his will, in the church of S. Ignazio, Rome; Pope Pius IX attended his funeral.

Bibliography. Del Re, Niccolò. "I cardinali prefetti della Sacra Congregazione del Concilio dalle origini ad oggi (1564-1964)." Apollinaris, XXXVII (1964), p. 135; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 761-762; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 27, 41, 44 and 360.

Webgraphy. Biography by Roberto Regoli, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 84 (2015); his engraving, Araldica Vaticana.

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(24) 4. DELLA PORTA RODIANI, Giuseppe (1773-1841)

Birth. September 5, 1773, Rome. Son of Count Carlo della Porta Rodiani (1718-1798), conservatore of Rome (1771) and maestro delle Strade (1786) and Maria Clementina Dandi-Gangalandi (1740-1792). Possibly related to Cardinal Francesco Saverio Massimo (1838); and to Quasi-cardinal Augusto Negroni (1875). His last name is also listed as Porta Rodiani, della.

Education. (No information found).

Priesthood. Ordained, September 24, 1796. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Relator of the Sacred Consulta. Civil lieutenant of the tribunal of the vicariate of Rome. Domestic prelate of His Holiness. Consultor of the S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition. Vicegerent of Rome, September 30, 1821 until February 6, 1833.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Damasco, April 19, 1822. Consecrated, April 21, 1822, in the church of S. Ignazio, Rome, by Cardinal Annibale della Genga, assisted by Pietro Caprano, titular archbishop of Iconium, secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, and by Fortunato Maria Ercolani, bishop of Civita Castellana, Orte e Gallese. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica. President of the Extraordinary Apostolic Visit. Titular Latin patriarch of Constantinople, May 16, 1823. Pro-vicar of Rome, September 28, 1823 until January 2, 1824. Auditor general of the Apostolic Chamber, February 8, 1833.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of June 23, 1834; published, April 6, 1835; received the red hat, April 9, 1835; and the title of S. Susanna, July 24, 1835. Vicar of Rome, November 30, 1838. Prefect of the S.C. of the Residence of Bishops from November 30, 1838 until his death.

Death. December 18, 1841, Rome. Exposed and buried in the church of S. Susanna, Rome.

Bibliography. Del Re, Niccolò. Il vicegerente del vicariato di Roma. Rome : Istituto di Studi Romanu Editore, 1976, p. 70; Ilari, A. "I cardinali vicari. Cronologia biobibliografica." Rivista diocesana di Roma, (1962), pp. 285 and 287; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 763-764; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 28, 45, 161 and 172 .

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

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(25) 5. ALBERGHINI, Giuseppe (1770-1847)

Birth. September 13, 1770, Cento, archdiocese of Bologna. Of a family from the patriciate of Bologna that was attached to the service of the Roman Curia. Son of Francesco Alberghini and Clara Comi. Brother of quasi Cardinal Ignazio Alberghini (1861).

Education. Studied at the Clementine Seminary of Cento; at the University of Bologna, where he earned a doctorate in law; and finished his studies in Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, (no further information found). He was first at the service of Belisario Cristaldi, future cardinal; then, he was the secretary of the auditor of Sacred Roman Rota Francesco Cesarei-Leoni, future cardinal; and study assistant of the auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota Francisco Serlupi, future cardinal. Advisor to the first civil lieutenant of the Auditor of the Chamber. Avvocato of the city (March 1816). Librarian of the La Sapienza University (1822-1835). Domestic prelate of His Holiness and Referendary of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature (April 1820). Auditor of the Court of the Apostolic Signature (April 1820). Member of the College of Avvocati Concistoriali. Prelate of the Fabbrica of S. Peter (July 1821). Third civil lieutenant of the Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber (March 1823). Apostolic Protonotary (May 1824). First civil lieutenant of the Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber (April 1829). Assessor of the S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition (March 1830). Canon of the patriarchal Vatican Basilica (June 1831). Vice-dean of the Apostolic Chamber.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of June 23, 1834; published in the consistory of April 6, 1835; received red hat, April 9, 1835; and the title of S. Prisca, July 24, 1835. Participated in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX.

Death. September 30, 1847, Rome. Exposed and buried, according to his will, on the floor of Gesù church, Rome (1); Pope Pius IX attended his funeral.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 87; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 28 and 44.

Webgraphy. His portrait and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his bust in the Gesù church, Rome, The Australian National University; his engraving, arms, inscription on his tomb and portrait.

(1) This is the inscription on his tomb, taken from Araldica Vaticana:

HEIC POSITVS EST IOSEPHUS ALBERGHINI
PATER CARDINALIS TITVLO PRISCAE
DOMO CENTO NOB. BONONIEN.
QVI SACRO CIVILIQ. IVRE BONONIAE ET IN VRBE EXCVLTVS
PIO VII PONTEFICE MAXIMO
IN CVRIA INNOCENTIANA LITIBVS IVDICANDIS
CVRAM IN EXEMPLVM IMPENDIT
IN SACRQ CONSILJO PERDEVELLIBVS ECCLESIAE VINDICARANDIS
AGENDA SAPIENTER RETVLIT ACTA SANCTE PERFECIT
A GREGORIO XVI PONT. MAX.
IN VIRORVM EMNENTISSIMQORVM COLLEGIVM ADLECTVS
AERARII PVBLICI RATIONIBVS EXPEDENDIS NITIDE PRAEFVIT
A PVERITIA AEQVI RECTIQVE TENAX
CHRISTIANAE SANCTIMONIAE SECTATOR
COMITATE OPVM CONTEMPTV FACVNDIAE
DOCTRINAE CONSILII COPIA VTILIS MVLTIS CARVS OMNIBVS
DECESSIT PRID KAL. OCT. AN. MDCCCXXXXVII AET. LXXVII
CONDI VOLVIT APVD PETRVM ALBERGHINI PATRVM SOD. SOC. IES.
IGNATIVS ALBERGHINI XII VIR LITIB SVPR PROVOC IVDICANDIS
FRATRI BENEM. CONCORDISSIMO MON. POS.

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(26) 6. SPADA, Alessandro (1787-1843)

Birth. April 4, 1787, Rome. Son of Prince Giuseppe Niccolò Spada-Veralli (1752-1840), prince of Castel Viscardo, and Giacinta Ruspoli (1753-1823), niece of Cardinal Bartolomeo Ruspoli (1730); and half-sister on her mother's side of Cardinal Benedetto Naro (1816).

Education. Studied at Collegio of Parma; and at Collegio Nazareno, Rome.

Sacred orders. Received the ecclesiastical tonsure, September 1815. Ordained (no information found). Referendary of the Court of the Apostolic Signature (August 1815). Domestic Prelate (August 1815) and ponens of the Congregation of Good Government (March 1816). Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, January 1817; dean, June 1827. He was vicar of Cardinal Annibale della Genga in Santa Maria in Trastevere (until 1822) and in the Liberian Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (1821), a position he held with his successor.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of June 23, 1834; published in the consistory of April 6, 1835; received red hat, April 9, 1835; and the deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin, July 24, 1835. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, 1836 until May 19, 1837. Apostolic legate in the province of Forlì for three years, August 9, 1839.

Death. December 16, 1843, Rome. Exposed and buried in the church of S. Maria in Vaillicella, Rome.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 896-897; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 28 and 46.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, Wikipédia; his arms and engraving, Araldica Vaticana.

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(27) 7. FREZZA, Luigi (1783-1837)

Birth. May 27, 1783, Civita Lavinia (now Lanuvio), diocese of Albano. Son of Giovanni Felice Frezza and Caterina Auconi.

Education. Studied at Collegio Romano, Rome; at the Archgymnasium of Rome; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 11, 1808. Prefect of studies of the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome. Consultor of the SS.CC. of Propaganda Fide (September 1817) and of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. Held by delegation the position of prefect of Studies of the Collegio Romano (1822). He participated in the Conclave of 1823 as a conclave of Cardinal Antonio Pallotta. Consultor of the Papal Chamber.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Terracina, Sezze e Piverno, October 2, 1826. Consecrated, November 19, 1826, in the church of S. Silvestro al Quirinale, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Francesco Galleffi, assisted by Pietro Caprano, titiular archbishop of Iconio, secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, and by Giovanni Soglia Ceroni, titular archbishop of Efeso. Promoted to the titular see of Calcedonia, December 15, 1828. Nuncio in Nueva Granada, December 1828. Secretary of the S.C. Consistorial. Secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. Secretary of the S.C. Consistorial, October 1, 1831, retaining the secretariat of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of June 23, 1834; published in the consistory of July 11, 1836; received red hat, July 14, 1836; and the title of S. Onofrio al Gianicolo, November 21, 1836 (1).

Death. October 14, 1837, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Marcello, Rome, and buried in his title, S. Onofrio al Gianicolo (1). There is a street named after him in Lanuvio.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 374-375; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 28, 41, 147 and 363.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, Wikipédia; biography, in English, OMI World; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the transcription of the text in the plaque, on the outside wall of the church S. Onofrio al Gianicolo, commemorating the cardinal:

MEMORIAE ET VIRTUTI
ALOISI FREZZA S E R PRESB CARDINALIS
DOMO LANVVIO
INGENIO EXCELLENTI DOCTRINA SINGULARI
QUI PHILOSOPHIAE THEOLOGIAE PONTIFICI CIVILISQUE IURIS
SCIENTIA PRAESTANTISSIMUS
IN PLURA SACRA CONSILIA COOPTATUS
ANTISTES TARRACINEN SETIN PRIVERNAT
STATOR AD SOLIUM
ARCHIEPISCOPUS CHALCEDONIUS
AB ACTIS CONSISTORI PRINCIPIS
A GRAVIORIBUS ECCLESIAE NEGOTIIS EXTRA ORDINEM
HISCE GRAVISSIMIS ALIISQUE AMPLISSIMIS MUNERIBUS
PROVIDE SCIENTER SANCTE PERFUNCTUS
MAGNO CHRISTIANAE REIPUBLICAE BONO
NOMINIS CELEBRITATEM NUMQUAM INTBRITURAM
PER EUROPAM ET AMERICAM ADEPTUS
A GREGORIO XVI PONT MAX
INTER PATRES CARDINALES ADLECTUS
VINDEX RELIGIONIS ADSERTOR PIETATIS
IUSTITIA COMITATE BENEFICENTIA
PRUDENTIA INTEGRITATE SOLLERTIA
CARUS OMNIBUS
SUMMIS PONTIFICIBUS TRIBUS PROBATISSMUS ACCEPTISSIMUS
SAMCTISSIMAM MORTEM OBIIT VITAE CONSENTANEAM
PRIDIE IDUS OCTOBR AN M DCCC XXXVII
VIXIT AN LIIII M III D XVII
CONDITUS HIC IN TEMPLO SEDE TITULI SUI
PHILIPPUS IOANNES BAPTISTA VINCENTIUS FRATRI DESIDERATISSIMO
ZACHARIAS IOSEPHUS IOANNES FELIX PATRUO OPTIMO INCOMPARABILI
AMORIS ERGO
HERMAM ET ELLOGIUM
CUM LACRIMIS POSUERE

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(28) 8. PATRIZI NARO, Costantino (1798-1876)

Birth. September 4, 1798, Siena. Of a noble family. Son of Marquis Giovanni Patrizi-Naro (1775-1817) and Cunegunda von der Lausitz of Saxony (1774-1828). Received the sacrament of baptism, September 12, 1798. His older brother, Saverio Patrizi (1797-1881), a Jesuit, was a reputed professor of Holy Scripture in Leuven and Rome. Grand-nephew, from his father's side, of Cardinal Benedetto Naro (1816). Grand nephew, from his other's side, of Cardinal Domenico Spinucci (1816). Cousin of Cardinals Francesco Saverio Massimo (1838) and Lodovico Altieri (1840). His last name is also listed as Patrizzi Naro.

Education. His father was imprisoned in Fenestrelle by order of Emperor Napoléon I for having opposed sending his children to Collège de La Flèche in Paris. He studied at the College La Flèche (1812-1814); later, he studied at Collegio dei Protonotari, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in utroque iuris, both civil and canon law (March 1819).

Early life. Sent to Paris as an apostolic ab legato birng the red biretta to the Cardinal of César-Guillaume de La Luzerne (1817). Domestic prelate of His Holiness (Oct. 1817) Ponente of the Congregaion of Good Governance (Oct. 1817). Refrendary of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature (Nov. 1817). Prelate of the Sacred Congregation of the Council (January 1818). Voter of the Tribunal of the Signature for Justice (July 1819).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 16, 1821. Vicar of S. Maria in Trastevere (1822). Regent of the tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary. Auditor of the Court of the Holy Roman Rota (March 1823).

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Filippi, December 15, 1828. Consecrated, December 21, in the church of S. Caterina da Siena, Rome, by Cardinal Carlo Odescalchi, prefect of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars, assisted by Lorenzo Mattei, titular patriarch of Antioch, and by Paolo Agosto Foscolo, archbishop of Corfù. Nuncio in Tuscany, January 16, 1829. Prefect of the Apostolic Palace, July 2, 1832.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of June 23, 1834; published in the consistory of July 11, 1836; received red hat, July 14, 1836; and the title of S. Silvestro in Capite, November 21, 1836. Prefect of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars, July 2, 1839 until December 22, 1841. Protector of the Order of the Eremites of Saint Augustine, 1841. Vicar general of His Holiness for the City of Rome, December 22, 1841. Prefect of the S.C. of the Residence of Bishops, December 22, 1841 until his death. Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, May 24, 1845. Participated in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano, April 20, 1849. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, March 15, 1852 until March 7, 1853. Prefect of the S.C. of Rites and Ceremonies from June 27, 1854 until his death. Secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, October 10, 1860 until his death. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina, December 17, 1860. Sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, September 21, 1867. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Ostia and Velletri, October 8, 1870. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Ballff grand cross of honor and devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

Death. December 17, 1876, of the plague, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Apollinare, Rome; and buried in his family's chapel, Natività church, via Nomentana, Rome. The chapel was demolished in 1902 and replaced by the parish church of S. Giuseppe a via Nomentana. His remains were transferred to the patriarchal Lateran basilica (1). There is an inscription commemorating him in the metropolitan cathedral of Palermo (2).

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 716-719; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 28-29 and 44; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 43 and 44.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his engraving and biography, in Italian, Wkipedia; his episcopal lineage by Mr. Charles N. Brnasom, Jr., in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; his arms, engraving and biography, in Italian, Araldica Vaticana; his arms, engravings and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; his portrait, last on page, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

AD.PEDES
EXCELSAE.CAELORVM.REGINAE
CARNIS.RESVRRECTIONEM.EXSPECTAT
CONSTANTINVS.CARDINALIS
PATRIZI
ORATE.PRO.EO
MDCCCLXXVI

(2) This is the text of the inscription, also kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:
+
Memoriae haud periturae emin. Card. Caietani Trigona et Parisi
Archiepiscopi Panormi
qui quinto archiepiscopatus anno pientissime per acto
beneficiis sapientia doctrina iustitia nulli cristianorum antistitum secundus
nonis iulii MDCCCXXXVII anno aetatis secundo ac septuagesimo
indica lue intercepto
moerentibus bonis clero civibus cunctis
quorum saluti ac bono vitam grassante morbo posthabuit
coenota phium
ossa dira luis contagione invidente
non huc at abhinc ad baidae coenobium translata

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(29) 9. FIESCHI, Adriano (1788-1858)

Birth. March 7, 1788, Genoa. Of the family of the Counts of Lavagna. Son of Bartolomeo Fieschi (1769-97), count of Lavagna, and María Rosa Priaroggia (+1841), born in Cádiz, Spain, but of Genoese origin. The family gave the Church Popes Innocent IV and Adrian V; and Cardinals Guglielmo Fieschi (1244); Luca Fieschi (1300); Giovanni Fieschi (1378); Ludovico Fieschi (1384); Giorgio Fieschi (1439); Niccolò Fieschi (1503); and Lorenzo Fieshi (1706).

Education. Studied at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, from 1815.

Sacred orders. Ordained (no information found). Genoese cleric. Proboste commendatario of S. Adriano de Trigoso and dean of S. Maria in Via Lata of Genoa (1805). Domestic Prelate of His Holiness (March 1815). Ponens of the Congregation of Good Government (August 1815). Referendary of the tribunal of the Apostolic Signature (May 1816). Vice-Legate in Bologna (September 1816). Apostolic delegate in Spoleto (November 1818-1823); in Perugia (March 1823); and Macerata and Camerino (March 1826). Secretary of the S.C. of the Congregation of Roads and Waters (December 1828). By pontifical bull of June 9, 1833, he was admitted to "grazie liberali" and was granted with "beneficio con tutti i diritti annessi" (1) which included the nomination as patron, canon and provost of the chapter of the basilica of S. Salvatore of Lavagna, abbot of S. Adriano of Trigoso, rector of the church of S. Maria in Via Lata of Genoa, archpriest of S. Maria of Rivarolo, and archpriest of S. Croce of Moneglia. Prefect of the Papal Household, July 1833.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of June 23, 1834; published in the consistory of September 13, 1838; received red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, September 17, 1838. Prefect of the Apostolic Palace, July 1836. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria ad Martyres (Pantheon), January 27, 1843. Participated in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX. Apostolic legate in the province of Urbino and Pisa, July 13, 1847. Opted for the order of priests and the title of S. Maria della Vittoria, December 19, 1853. Grand prior of the Equestrian Order of St. John of Jerusalem, June 23, 1854. Last surviving member of Fieschi family of Genoa.

Death. February 6, 1858, Rome. Exposed in the basilica of Ss. XII Apostoli, Rome, and buried in his title.

Bibliography. Federici, Federigo and Ugo Fieschi. Della famiglia Fiesca. Genoa : P[er] Gio. Mar.a Faroni, 1641; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 352-353; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 30 and 46; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, p. 51.

Webgraphy. His portrait and biography, in Fench, Wikipédia; his engraving, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) That "Beneficio" was created in 1252 by Pope Innocenzo IV, a member of the Fieschi family, and grew with other charges through the years. It gave the titular the charges listed above.

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