The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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(76) 1. GRECH, Mario
(1957-

Birth. February 20, 1957, Qala, Malta. Son of George and Stella Grech. He was baptized in Qala. His family moved to Ta' Kerċem when he was a young boy.

Education. Attend the Discalced Carmelite Sisters School and Primary School of Kercem. After completing his secondary studies in the Victoria High School in Gozo, in 1977, he began to study philosophy and later theology at the Gozo Major Seminary. After his ordination, he was sent to Rome where obtained the License in utroque iuris, both Canon and Civil Law at the Pontifical Lateran University. In the following years, also obtained the Doctorate in Canon Law from the Pontifical University S. Tommaso d'Aquino (the Angelicum. During his time in Rome, he carried out pastoral work in the Assumption Parish where he resided; he also worked in the field of Canon Law in the Church Tribunals in Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 26, 1984, in the cathedral of Gozo, by Nikol Joseph Cauchi, bishop of Gozo. After his priestly ordination, he continued his studies in Rome. Returning to Malta, he exercised the ministry at the Cathedral of Gozo; in the National Shrine of Tá-Pinu; and later, he was parish priest in the parish of Kercem. He also held the offices of Judicial Vicar of the diocese, member of the Metropolitan Court of Malta, teacher of Canon Law in the Seminary and member of the College of Consultors, of the Presbyteral Council and of other diocesan commissions.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Gozo, November 26, 2005. Consecrated, January 22, 2006, at the Cathedral, by Nikol Joseph Cauchi, bishop emeritus of Gozo, assisted by Joseph Mercieca, archbishop of Malta, and by Felix del Blanco Prieto, titular archbishop of Vannida, apostolic nuncio to Malta and Libya. His episcopal motto is In Fractione Panis. He launched the Diocesan Mission (2008-2009) and decreed the Marian Year between 2018 and 2019. He visited Maltese emigrants in the United States of America between May 23-31, 2006, followed by a second visit to the Maltese emigrants in the U.S.A. and neighboring Canada between April 22 and May 5, 2008. He then visited the Maltese emigrants community in Australia in 2011. He also visited Maltese missionaries and their communities. He went to Albania, September 22-25, 2006; Brazil, September 13 to October 1, 2009; and more recently Perú, November 13-22, 2018. While he was heading the Gozitan Diocese, various initiatives and commissions were set up; including the family therapy clinic (2011), the Commission for the Safeguarding of Children and Vulnerable Adults Gozo (2017); the Liturgical Arts Centre, Eikon (2017); a hostel for Gozitan students studying in Malta (2018); and the Pastoral Formation Institute (2019) among others. Among the reforms Bishop Grech carried out, he spearheaded the reform of the Ecclesiastical Tribunal in Gozo. He ordained 24 priests and led the episcopal consecration of Bishops George Bugeja and Anton Teuma. He initiated the diocesan process for the beatification and sanctification of Dun Mikiel Attard in 2014 and Gozitan Augustinian Brother Grazzja Gauci in 2019. He published 20 pastoral letters as Bishop of Gozo, 34 pastoral letters with the bishops of Malta and delivered hundreds of homilies. From 2013 to 2016, he was president of the Episcopal Conference of Malta. In addition, he served as a representative of the Maltese Episcopal Conference to the Conference of European Churches (CEC) and the Commission of Bishops’ Conferences of the European Union (COMECE). He also approved the first constitution of the Anawim Community in 2013. He was one of the two authors of the Maltese bishops’ controversial pastoral guidelines on Amoris Laetitia, which stated that divorced-and-remarried Catholics, in certain cases and after “honest discernment,” could receive Communion. He was also one of two Maltese bishops to speak out against divorce and in defense of the Christian view of marriage in 2010. He attended three Synods of the Bishops. On October 2, 2019, he was named Pro-Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops. He remained as apostolic administrator of the diocese until the Pope named a new bishop. On June 17, 2020, the Pope named Father Anthony Teuma, Episcopal Deelegate for the Family and Responsible of the John Paul II Family Institute of Gozo, as the new Bishop of Gozo. A thanksgiving mass for the service offered by Bishop Grech was held on Thursday August 27, 2020 at 6:30pm at the Xewkija parish church. On July 4, 2020, he was named member of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. On September 15, 2020, he was named Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santi Cosma e Damiano in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Maltese, diocese of Gozo; Rinuncia del vescovo di Gozo (Malta) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 26.11.2005; Pope Francis appoints Maltese bishop pro-secretary general of Synod of Bishops by Hanna Brockhaus, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Oct 2, 2019 / 04:40 am; Il maltese Grech sarà successore di Baldisseri alla Segreteria del Sinodo, Vatican News, 02 ottobre 2019, 12:05; Sínodo de los Obispos: Monseñor Mario Grech, nombrado pro-secretario general by Rosa Die Alcolea, octubre 02, 2019 12:52; Sinodo sempre più crocevia missionario per la Chiesa. A colloquio con monsignor Mario Grech by Alessandro Gisotti, L'Osservatore Romano, 02 novembre 2019; Mgr Grech: le Synode, un carrefour missionnaire pour l’Église, Entretien réalisé par Alessandro Gisotti, Vatican News, 02 novembre 2019, 14:09; François à Malte: un «grand cadeau» selon Mgr Mario Grech, Vatican News, 12 février 2020, 16:40; COVID-19 Monsignor Grech ai sacerdoti: “Non lasciamo che la paura regni su di noi” by Davide Dionisi, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 14 marzo 2020, 14:59; Uno stile sinodale come antidoto alla chiusura, by Alessandro Gisotti, L'Osservatore Romano, 30 maggio 2020; Pro-Generalsekretär der Bischofssynode für Reformen, Vatican News, 01 Juni 2020, 12:42; Watch: Gozo in need of a missionary church, Bishop Grech tells successor by John Paul Cordina, Newsbook, August 21, 2020 5:20 PM; Farewell to Bishop Grech, Times of Malta, August 25, 2020; Mgr Mario Grech’s legacy as Bishop of Gozo by Monique Agius, Newsbook, August 27, 2020 8:00 AM, with video; Rinuncia e nomina del Segretario Generale del Sinodo dei Vescovi, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 16.09.2020; Pope Francis appoints Maltese bishop as secretary general of Synod of Bishops, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Sep 16, 2020 / 06:10 am MT; Vaticano: Bispo maltês é novo responsável pela Secretaria Geral do Sínodo, Agência Ecclesia, Set 16, 2020 - 11:30; Pope appoints Bishop Mario Grech as General Secretary of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican News, 16 September 2020, 12:58; Sinodo dei vescovi. Papa Francesco nomina Segretario generale monsignor Mario Grech by Gianni Cardinale, Avvenire, mercoledì 16 settembre 2020; Sinodo, cambio di guardia al vertice: lascia il cardinale Baldisseri, succede il maltese Grech by Salvatore Cernuzio, Vatican Insider, Città del Vaticano, 16 Settembre 2020 17:09; Bishop Mario Grech: An interview with the new secretary of the Synod of Bishops by Antonio Spadaro, SJ and Simone Sereni, La Civiltà Cattolica, 14 October 2020; Le confinement a révélé « un certain analphabétisme spirituel » estime Mgr Grech, Aleteia, 15/10/20; Monsignor Grech: accolgo il cardinalato a servizio della sinodalità by Antonella Palermo, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 31 ottobre 2020, 08:00, with audio; Cardinal-designate Grech: in service of the synodality of the Church, Vatican News, 02 November 2020, 12:00; Grech: un suicidio se dopo la pandemia torniamo alla pastorale di prima by Iacopo Scaramuzzi, Vatican Insider, Città del Vaticano, 02 Novembre 2020 20:11; Cammino comune contro la pandemia. Il cardinale eletto Grech sul tema della sinodalità, L'Osservatore Romano, 19 novembre 2020; Vatikan: „Corona-Krise bietet auch Chancen“ by Mario Galgano, Vatican News, Vatikanstadt, 19 November 2020, 11:11, with audio; Consistoire: Mgr Mario Grech, d’un petit diocèse maltais au cardinalat by Delphine Allaire, Vatican News, Cité du Vatican, 26 novembre 2020, 12:33.

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(77) 2. SEMERARO, Marcello
(1947-

Birth. December 22, 1947, Monteroni, province and archdiocese of Lecce, Italy.

Education. He studied at the Diocesan Seminary of Lecce and at the Regional Seminary of Molfetta. Then, he obtained the License and the Doctorate in Theology at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 8, 1971. He held the following offices and ministries: Vice-Rector in the Archiepiscopal Seminary of Lecce and subsequently in the Regional Seminary of Molfetta. In Lecce he was Episcopal Vicar for the laity and for the Diocesan Synod. Within the Italian Episcopal Conference he was a member of some working groups. Professor of Theology in various Theological Institutes and Faculties, he carried out the teaching ministry above all in the Theological Institute of Molfetta (BA), of which he was Director for various successive mandates, and in the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Lateran University where he occupied the chair of Ecclesiology until the moment of his elevation to the episcopate. He is the author of several books and articles, especially in the ecclesiological field. He has also participated, as a speaker, in national and international symposia. He was Consultor of the Congregation for the Clergy from 1995 to 2008.

Episcopate. Elected Bishop of Oria, July 25, 1998. Consecrated, September 29, 1998, in the square in front of the Cathedral of Oria, by Cosmo Francesco Ruppi, Archbishop of Lecce, assisted by Domenico Caliandro, Bishop of Ugento-Santa Maria di Leuca, and by Donato Negro, Bishop of Molfetta-Ruvo-Giovinazzo-Terlizzi. Since January 22, 1999 he was a member of the Commission for the Doctrine of the Faith and Catechesis of the Italian Episcopal Conference and, within the Regional Episcopal Conference, he was President of the Apulian Pastoral Institute. Pope John Paul II appointed him Special Secretary of the Tenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops (September 30-October 27, 2001). On October 1, 2004, he was transferred to the See of Albano. On April 13, 2013, he was appointed Secretary of the Council of Cardinals. On November 4, 2013, he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of Santa Maria di Grottaferrata of the Italian-Albanessis, Italy. Currently, he is President of the CdA of "Avvenire - Nuova Editrice SpA"; member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints; Bishop Delegate of the Lazial Episcopal Conference for the Doctrine of the Faith Announcement and Cathechesis. Secretary of the Council of Cardinals to assist the Holy Father in the government of the Universal Church and for the study of a revision project of the Apostolic Costitution “Pastor Bonus” on the Roman Curia Romana. On October 15, 2020, he was named Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santa Maria in Domnica in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Nomina del Vescovo della Diocesi Suburbicaria di Albano (Italia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 01.10.2004; Nomina dell'Amministratore Apostolico Ad Nutum Sanctae Sedis del Monastero Esarchico di Santa Maria di Grottaferrata, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 04.11.2013; Mons. Semeraro: Francesco sta riformando la Curia con lo stile dell'ascolto by Alessandro Gisotti, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 23 giugno 2018, 09:30, with audio; Nomina del Prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 15.10.2020; Pope replaces ousted Becciu with key ally by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Oct 15, 2020; Causas de los santos: Monseñor Semeraro, nombrado prefecto de la Congregación by Larissa I. López, Zenit, octubre 15, 2020 13:41; JUST IN: Pope Appoints Monsignor Marcello Semeraro Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Zenit, October 15, 2020 17:15; Pope replaces saint-making chief as corruption scandal grows by Nicole Winfield, AP News, Rome, October 15, 2020; Il Papa nomina Semeraro prefetto della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi, Vatican News, 15 ottobre 2020, 12:10; Semeraro: "A Carlo Acutis ho affidato il mio impegno nella Chiesa" by Benedetta Capelli, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 26 ottobre 2020, 12:33; Semeraro: “Io cardinale-pastore. Gli scandali non frenano la riforma del Papa" by Domenico Agasso jr, Il Secolo XIX, Città del Vaticano, 27 Ottobre 2020; Tutti i Santi. Parla il prefetto Semeraro: “La santità non sta nella eccezionalità ma nella vita ordinaria”. E sul virus: “Non ha frenato le opere di misericordia” by Riccardo Benotti, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 1 novembre 2020; Marcello Semeraro: «El Papa cuida a la Iglesia del futuro» by Victoria Isabel Cardiel C., Alfa y Omega, 19 de Noviembre de 2020.

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(78) 3. KAMBANDA, Antoine
(1958-

Birth. November 10, 1958, in Nyamata Parish, in present-day Eastern Province, Rwanda. He is of Tutsi ethnicity. With the exception of himself and one of his brothers, all of his family members (his parents and five siblings) were killed during the Rwandan Genocide in 1994.

Education. He did his primary studies in Burundi and Uganda, and his secondary studies in Kenya. Back in his native country, he continued his studies at the Seminary of Rutongo; and then, from 1984 to 1990, he studied at the Major Saint-Charles Seminary in Nyakibanda. Finally, a student between 1993 and 1999 at the Alphonsian Academy in Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in moral theology. Since he was studying abroad, he was spared from the Genocide.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 8, 1990, in Mbare, by Pope John Paul II during his vist to Rwanda, for the diocese of Kabgayi. Afterwards, he taught at the Minor Seminary of Saint Vincent of Ndera. From 1999 to 2005, he was director of Caritas of the Diocese of Kigali. Concerning the Church's attitude to the genocide, he acknowledges that some members of the clergy and nuns participated in the massacres, while others endangered them. In September 2005, Cardinal Crescenzio Sepe, as prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, appointed him Rector of the Kabgayi Seminary of Philosophy. As of February 2006, he left this position to become, on the appointment of the same Cardinal, Rector of the Major Seminary Saint Charles of Nyakibanda, located in the diocese of Butare.

Episcopate. Elected Bishop of Kibungo, July 5, 2013. Consecrated, July 20, 2013, by Thaddée Ntihinyurwa, Archbishop of Kigali, assisted by Smaragde Mbonyintege, Bishop of Kabgayi, and by Philippe Rukamba, Bishop of Butare. Present in the ceremony were Archbishop Luciano Russo, Apostolic Nuncio to Rwanda, and the Prime Minister of Rwanda, Pierre Habumuremyi. He was chosen by the Episcopal Conference of Rwanda to participate, in the 14th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops in October 2016. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Kigali, November 19, 2018.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Sisto in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Nomina del Vescovo di Kibungo (Rwanda), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 07.05.2013; Rinuncia dell’Arcivescovo di Kigali (Rwanda) e nomina del successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 19.11.2018; biography, in French, Wikipédia; Rwandan Bishop Kambanda Reflects on the Genocide in His Country by Lisa M. Hendey, Patheos, July 15, 2014; Monsignor Kambanda: diventare cardinale "una gioia e una sfida" by Jean-Pierre Bodjoko, SJ, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 26 ottobre 2020, 11:13; « Le premier défi de l’Église rwandaise est celui de la réconciliation », interview by Lucie Sarr, La Croix Africa, 4 novembre 2020; First cardinal for Rwanda seen as approval of Church's reconciliation role by Fredrick Nzwili, UCA News, Catholic News Service, November 06, 2020 06:19 AM GMT.

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(79) 4. GREGORY, Wilton Daniel
(1947-

Birth. December 7, 1947, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America. Son of Wilton Gregory Sr. and Ethel Duncan. He has two sisters, Elaine and Claudia.

Education. After attending St. Carthage Grammar School, where he converted to Catholicism, he entered the Quigley Preparatory Seminary South. He studied philosophy at Niles College (now St. Joseph’s College Seminary) of Loyola University; and theology at Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary in Mundelein, Illinois. Subsequently, he obtained a doctorate in Sacred Liturgy at the Pontifical Athenaeum Sant’Anselmo in Rome in 1980. Besides English, he speaks Italian and Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 9, 1973, for the archdiocse of Chicago, by Cardinal John Patrick Cody, archbishop of Chicago. After ordination, he held the following positions: parochial vicar of Our Lady of Perpetual Help Parish at Glenview; further studies in Rome (1976-1979); professor of liturgy at Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary in Mundelain; member of the Archdiocesan Office for the Liturgy and Master of Ceremonies of Cardinals Cody and Bernardin (1980-1983).

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Oliva and appointed auxiliary of Chicago, October 18, 1983. Consecrated, Chicago, by Cardinal Joseph Louis Bernardin, archbishop of Chicago, assisted by Alfred Leo Abramowicz, titular bishop of Pesto, auxiliary of Chicago, and by Nevin William Hayes, O.Carm., titular bishop of Nova Sinna, auxiliary of Chicago. His episcopal motto is We are the Lord's. Transferred to the see of Belleville, Illinois, December 29, 1993; installed, February 10, 1994. He was president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) from 2001 to 2004. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Atlanta, Georgia, December 9, 2004; installed, January 17, 2005. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Washington, District of Columbia, April 4, 2019; installed, May 17, 2019. Within the US Episcopal Conference, he was vice-president (1998-2001), member of the Executive and Administrative Committees, of the Committee on Doctrine, of the Committee on International Policy, chair of the Committee on Personnel, of the Committee on the Third Millennium / Jubilee Year 2000 (1998-2001) and of the Committee on Liturgy (1991-1993). Currently, he is the chair of the Committee on Divine Worship.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Immacolata Concezione di Maria a Grottarossa in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Renuncia del'Arcivescovo Metropolita di Atlanta (U.S.A) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 09.12.2004; Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Washington (U.S.A.), in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 04.04.2019; his arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Washington; A 'political town with pastoral needs' anticipates a new archbishop by John Gehring, National Catholic Reporter, Mar 7, 2019; Archbishop Wilton Gregory asked to lead Washington archdiocese by Ed Condon and JD Flynn, Catholic News Agency, Washington D.C., Mar 28, 2019 / 01:29 pm; Atlanta Archbishop Gregory named as new leader of Washington Archdiocese, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Washington, 4/4/2019; Pope names Gregory, designer of US bishops' abuse procedures, as Washington archbishop by Joshua J. McElwee and Heidi Schlumpf, National Catholic Reporter, Apr 4, 2019; Washington gets Wilton Gregory, a great bishop by Father Thomas Reese, National Catholic Reporter, Religion News Service, Apr 4, 2019; Wilton Gregory will be a great shepherd for Archdiocese of Washington by Michael Sean Winters, National Catholic Reporter, Apr 4, 2019; Archbishop Wilton Gregory’s Road to Washington by Ed Condon, National Catholic Register, CNA, Washington, Apr. 4, 2019; Pope Francis Names Archbishop Wilton Gregory to Follow Cardinal Wuerl in Washington Archdiocese by Courtney Grogan, National Catholic Register, CNA, Apr. 4, 2019; Chicago native Wilton Gregory named archbishop of Washington, D.C. — first African-American to lead capital's Catholics by Nicole Winfield, Chicago Tribune, Associated Press, Vatican City, April 4, 2019 9:55 A.M.; Gregory's promise: 'I will always tell you the truth' by Tom Roberts, National Catholic Reporter, Washington, Apr 4, 2019; Estados Unidos: El Papa nombra arzobispo de Washington a Wilton Gregory by Enrique Soros, Zenit, abril 04, 2019 22:25; Archbishop Gregory in his own words: roundup of quotes on various issues, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Washington, 4/4/2019; Editorial: In DC Archdiocese, the truth is a good starting point, National Catholic Reporter, Apr 10, 2019; How Archbishop Gregory and Atlanta Navigated Church Growth by Joan Frawley Desmond, National Catholic Register, Apr. 17, 2019; Archbishop Gregory Promises Transparency During State Investigation by Christine Rousselle, National Catholic Register, CNA, May. 2, 2019; Wilton Gregory installed as new Catholic archbishop of Washington by Jack Jenkins, Religious News Service, Washington, May 21, 2019; Mass of Installation, Archdiocese of Washington, May 21, 2019; Archbishop Gregory pledges openness at ‘defining moment’ in Washington archdiocese by Ed Condon, Catholic News Service (CNA), Washington D.C., May 21, 2019 / 12:51 pm; Installation Mass of the Most Reverend Wilton D. Gregory, 7th Archbishop of Washington, YouTube, May 21, 2019; Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory's First Homily as Archbishop of Washington | Mass of Installation, Gloria TV, May 21, 2019; Archdiocesan Representatives Welcome Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory to Washington, Gloria TV, May 21, 2019; Archbishop Gregory Installed in Washington, Pledges Openness at ‘Defining Moment’, by Ed Condon, National Catholic Register/CNA, Washington, DC, May 21, 2019; Washington's new archbishop urges renewed faith amid recent challenges by Carol Zimmermann, The Boston Pilot, CNS, 5/21/2019; New D.C. Archbishop Wilton Gregory Addresses Abuse Scandal, Pledges Honesty by Lauretta Brown, National Catholic Register, Washington, May. 21, 2019; Estados Unidos: El nuevo arzobispo de Washington se afirma en la pastoral de Francisco by Enrique Soros, Zenit, julio 22, 2019 17:54; Gregory: Offensive speech, actions 'growing plague' and 'must end', The Boston Pilot, CNS, Washington, 8/1/2019; Archbishop: ‘You cannot be a Catholic and sit on the sidelines’ by Josephine von Dohlen, The Florida Catholic, Catholic News Service, Washington, August 16, 2019; Justice is 'a divine characteristic' of God, archbishop says at Red Mass by Mark Zimmermann, Catholic News Service, Washington, 10.7.2019 11:09 AM ET; In statement, Washington Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory decries recent anti-Semitic attacks, Catholic Standard, Dec 30, 2019; Archbishop Gregory denounces ‘murderous attack’ on Ahmaud Arbery, Catholic News Agency, May 13, 2020 / 10:30 am MT; Statement of U.S. Bishops’ President on George Floyd and the Protests in American Cities, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, May 31, 2020; US Catholic bishops "sickened and outraged" by Floyd's death, La Croix, June 1, 2020; Archbishop Wilton Gregory Issues Statement on Planned Presidential Visit, Archdiocese of Washington, June 2, 2020; JPII shrine says Trump visit long scheduled, while Archbishop Gregory calls it 'reprehensible', Catholic New Agency, Washington D.C., Jun 2, 2020 / 10:10 am MT; Washington archbishop denounces Trump visit to Catholic shrine as 'baffling' and 'reprehensible' by David Jackson, Michael Collins and Nicholas Wu, USA Today, June 2, 2020 4 p.m. ET; Archbishop Wilton Gregory: 1; Trump and Knights of Columbus: 0 by Michael Sean Winters, National Catholic Reporter, Jun 2, 2020; D.C. archbishop blasts Trump’s visit to John Paul II Shrine by Christopher White, Crux, New York, Jun 2, 2020; Washington archbishop denounces Trump visit to Catholic shrine as 'baffling' and 'reprehensible' by David Jackson, Michael Collins and Nicholas Wu, USA Today, Washington, June 2, 2020 9:56 p.m; Archbishop Viganò: DC archbishop who criticized Trump’s visit to Catholic shrine is ‘false shepherd’ by Pete Banlinski, LifeSiteNews, Wed Jun 3, 2020 - 1:34 pm EST; Does Archbishop Gregory’s Objection to Trump Break New Ground? by Father Raymond J. de Souza, National Catholic Register, Jun. 5, 2020; DC archbishop doubles down on criticism of Trump shrine visit by Christopher White, Crux, New York, Jun 6, 2020; Racism in Our Streets and Structures, Global Georgetown, YouTube, Jun 6, 2020; Disagree with the bishop all you like, but he’s still the bishop by John L. Allen Jr., Crux, Rome, Jun 7, 2020; What Archbishop Gregory did, and did not, do by Michael Sean Winters, National Catholic Reporter, Jun 8, 2020; Archbishop Gregory invited to JPII Shrine Trump event days before public statement by JD Flynn, Catholic News Agency, Denver Newsroom, Jun 8, 2020 / 01:50 pm MT; Necessary Bluntness. Archbishop Gregory's stand for integrity by John Gehring, Commonweal, June 9, 2020; Analysis: Archbishop Gregory promised the truth. Has he told it? by JD Flynn, Catholic News Agency, Denver Newsroom, Jun 10, 2020 / 01:11 pm MT; Church Militant, a conservative Catholic group supportive of Trump, denounced for video calling black archbishop 'African Queen' by Jack Jenkins, National Catholic Reporter, Jun 12, 2020; Archbishop Gregory to Succeed Cardinal Dolan as Catholic Co-Chair of Consultation with the National Council of Synagogues, Public Affairs Office, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Washington, August 12, 2020; Usa: l'arcivescovo di Washington co-presidente del Consiglio nazionale Sinagoghe by Isabella Piro, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 13 agosto 2020, 10:37; DC archbishop to hold Mass for justice on MLK anniversary, Catholic News Agency, Aug 18, 2020 / 10:32 am MT; Archbishop addresses Notre Dame community on ‘moral imperative’ of anti-racism by Grace Doerfler, The Observer, Monday, August 24, 2020; Archbishop Gregory on today’s March on Washington: The church needs to do more for racial justice by Kevin Clarke, America, The Jesuit Review, August 28, 2020; On ‘March on Washington’ anniversary, DC archbishop calls for beatitudes by Matt Hadro, National Catholic Agency, Washington D.C., Aug 28, 2020 / 03:48 pm MT; Archbishop says nation is at ‘pivotal juncture’ in racial justice struggle by Richard Szczepanowski, Catholic News Service, Washington, August 28, 2020; Washington archbishop says ‘conversion’ needed to fight racism by Jack Lyons, Crux, South Bend, Indiana, Aug 29, 2020; Archbishop Gregory says 'we've got to talk' about police reform by Christine Rousselle, Catholic News Agency, Washington D.C., Oct 7, 2020 / 03:00 pm MT; Statement of U.S. Bishops’ President Upon the Naming of Archbishop Wilton D. Gregory to the College of Cardinals, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Washington, October 25, 2020; Pope names 13 new cardinals, including 1st Black US prelate by Elizabeth Dias and Jason Horowitz, The New York Times, Oct. 25, 2020; In a year full of protests against racism, the first Black U.S. Cardinal comes at a historic moment by Elana Schor, Associated Press, America, The Jesuit Review, Washington, Associated Press reporter David Crary contributed, October 26, 2020; Gregory's selection as first African American cardinal shows 'Black leadership matters' by Christopher White, National Catholic Reporter, Oct 26, 2020; Gregory's selection as first African American cardinal shows 'Black leadership matters' by Christopher White, National Catholic Reporter, Oct 26, 2020; Biden congratulates Archbishop Gregory on being made a cardinal by Christopher White, National Catholic Reporter, Oct 28, 2020; The first African-American cardinal is a tribute to the faith of Black Catholics—and a gift to the entire church by Bryan N. Massingale, America, The Jesuit Review, October 30, 2020; Archbishop Gregory calls for 'transparency and contrition' after McCarrick Report, Catholic News Agency, Washington, D.C. Newsroom, Nov 16, 2020 / 01:30 pm MT; Gregory: Report is ‘tragic chronicle’ of ‘devious’ churchman, church failures by Mark Zimmermann, CNS, Crux, Washington, D.C., Nov 19, 2020; Washington’s soon-to-be cardinal says he won’t deny Joe Biden Communion by Cindy Wooden, America, The Jesuit Review, Catholic News Service, Vatican City November 24, 2020; Washington's Archbishop Gregory expects 'respectful' dialogue with President Biden by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Rome, Nov 24, 2020; Analysis: Archbishop Gregory says he won’t deny Biden communion. How will Catholics respond? by JD Flynn, Catholic News Agency, Denver Newsroom, Nov 24, 2020 / 04:25 pm MT; First African-American cardinal seeks common ground with Biden administration by Philip Pullella, Reuters, November 24, 20207:29 AM; Archbishop Gregory stood up to Trump. Now he’s about to be the first Black cardinal in U.S. by Tracy Wilkinson, Los Angeles Times, Washington, Nov. 25, 2020 4 AM; D.C. cardinal says Church, Biden have common ground on immigration, race relations by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Nov 25, 2020; L’archevêque de Washington va devenir le premier cardinal noir américain, Sudinfo avec AFP, vendredi 27 Novembre 2020 à 14h13; Francis warns Gregory, other cardinals against being 'eminences' in part-virtual consistory by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catolic Reporter, Vatican City, Nov 28, 2020.

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(80) 5. ADVINCULA, Jose Fuerte
(1952-

Birth. March 30, 1952, Dumalag, archdiocese of Capiz, Philippines.

Education. After finishing his elementary studies in Dumalag, he attended the High School of the St. Pius X Seminary in Roxas City, where he studied Philosophy. He frequented the courses of Theology at the Santo Tomas University of Manila.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 14, 1976, for the Archdiocese of Capiz. He was later appointed Spiritual Director of the St. Pius X Seminary, also holding the positions of Professor and Dean of Studies. Later, he began his studies, first in Psychology at the De la Salle University in Manila and then in Canon Law, both at the Santo Tomas University in Manila and at the Angelicum in Rome, obtaining a Licentiate in Canon Law. Returning to his homeland, he served in the seminary of Vigan, Nueva Segovia and then in the regional one of Jaro. In 1995 he was appointed Rector of the St. Pius X Seminary of Capiz, also becoming Defender of the Bond, Promoter of Justice and finally Judicial Vicar in Capiz. He was named Papal Chaplain of Pope John Paul II on March 19, 1997. In 1999 he became parish priest of Santo Tomas de Vilanueva a Dao.

Episcopate. Elected Bishop of San Carlos on July 25, 2001. Consecrated, September 8, 2001, at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Roxas City, by Antonio Franco, Titular Archbishop of Gallese, Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines, assisted by Onesimo Cadiz Gordoncillo, Archbishop of Capiz, and by Angel Nacorda Lagdameo, Archbishop of Jaro; took possession of the see the following September 11. On November 9, 2011, he was promoted to the Metropolitan See of Capiz, on Panay Island, in the Visayas archipelago (Central Philippines); installed on January 11, 2012. He was a member of the Commission for the Doctrine of the Faith and Commission for Indigenous Peoples. He also served as chairman of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines' Commission on Culture. He is currently the vice chairman of the Commission on International Eucharistic Congress and the Office on Women of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the title of San Vigilio in that same consistory. He was not able to attend the Consistory because of restrictions related to the coronavirus pandemic.

Webgraphy. Rinuncia del Vescovo di San Carlos (Filippine) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 25.07.2001; Rinuncia dell'Arcivescovo Metropolita di Capiz (Filippine) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 09.11.2011; Pope Francis names new Filipino cardinal by Joseph Peter Calleja, UCA News, Manila, October 26, 2020 05:15 AM GMT; Philippines’ new cardinal surprised by appointment by Jose Torres Jr., Licas.news, October 27, 2020; Jose Advincula sarà il nono cardinale nella storia della Chiesa filippina by Kenneth Corbilla, Asis News, Manila, 28/10/2020, 12.25; New Filipino cardinal says protecting human rights key to Church’s mission, LiCAS News, CBCP News, October 29, 2020; Philippines' new cardinal promotes human rights by Joseph Peter Calleja, UCA News, Manila, October 30, 2020 05:45 AM GMT; New Filipino cardinal choice takes churchgoers by surprise by Joseph Peter Calleja, UCA News, Manila, November 10, 2020 03:45 AM GMT; Asian cardinals-designate cancel trips to Rome by Junno Arocho Esteves, Catholic News Service, UCA News, November 12, 2020 12:56 PM GMT.

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(81) 6. AÓS BRACO, O.F.M.Cap., Celestino
(1945-

Birth. April 6, 1945, Artaiz, Navara, Archdiocese of Pamplona, Spain.

Education. Basic and middle education at Escuela Nacional mixta de Artaiz. Between 1960 and 1963 studied Philosophy in Zaragoza. Joined the Order of Friars Minor Capuchins. On August 14, 1963, entered the Novitiate of Sanguesa and on August 15, 1964, made his first religious profession (temporary vows); Between 1964 and 1968 completed his theological studies in Pamplona. On September 16, 1967, made his Perpetual Profession in Pamplona. Between 1972 and 1980, he frequented several courses first at the University of Zaragoza and later at the University of Barcelona, where he obtained a licentiate in psychology. Between 1980 and 1981 he attended the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, thanks to an international research fellowship in psychology.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 30, 1968, in Pamplona by Ignacio Gregorio Larrañaga Lasa, O.F.M.Cap., Bishop of Pingliang [Pingliang]. In Spain he was Professor in Lecaroz, Navarra; Vicar in Tudela; Professor in Pamplona and Vicar in Zaragoza. Sent in 1983 to Chile, he was Parish Vicar of the Parish of Longavi, Diocese of Linares, which was entrusted to the Capuchin Fathers; Superior of the Community in Los Ángeles in 1985, Diocese of Santa María de los Ángeles; Parish priest of "San Miguel" in Viña del Mar in 1995, Diocese of Valparaíso, and Superior of the Community of the Capuchins in the locality of Recreo, in Viña del Mar; during the years in which he ministered in the Diocese of Valparaíso, he was Episcopal Vicar for the Femenine Institutes of Consecrated Life and member of the Episcopal Council; since 2008, he was Parish Vicar of the Parish of San “Francisco de Asís” in Los Ángeles, Diocese of Santa María de Los Ángeles. Provincial Bursar of the Capuchins in Chile; Promoter of Justice of the Ecclesiastical Tribunal of Valparaíso; Judge of the Tribunal of the Archdiocese of Concepción; and Treasurer of the Chilean Association of Canon Law.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Copiapó, July 25, 2014. Consecrated, October 18, 2014, in front of the Cathedral of Copiapó, by Ivo Scapolo, Titular Archbishop of Tagaste, Apostolic Nuncio to Chile, assisted by Gaspar Francisco Quintana Jorquera, C.M.F., Bishop Emeritus of Copiapó, and by Pablo Lizama Riquelme, Archbishop of Antofagasta. His episcopal motto is Amar y Servir. On March 23, 2019, he was named Apostolic Administrator sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis of the Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese of Copiapó, March 23, 2019. Named Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Decembre 27, 2019. He took possession of the see on January 11, 2020.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santi Nereo ed Achilleo in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Rinuncia del Vescovo di Copiapó (Cile) e nomina del successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 25.07.2014; Rinuncia dell’Arcivescovo di Santiago de Chile (Cile) e nomina dell’Amministratore Apostolico “sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis”, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 23.03.2019; Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Santiago de Chile, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 27.12.2019; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Nuestro Obispo, Diócesis de Copiapó; Aós: "Nadie podrá obligar a un sacerdote a romper el sigilo de la confesión", 24horas.cl, 27.04.2019; Administrador apostólico de Santiago: "Es indudable que hay que cambiar la Constitución", 24horas.cl, 08.11.2019; Papa Francisco nombra dos nuevos Arzobispos para Chile, ACI Prensa, 27 de diciembre de 2019 8:45 am; Mons. Aós renovó su compromiso para servir como Arzobispo de Santiago de Chile, ACI Prensa, 27 de diciembre de 2019 8:42 pm; Monseñor Celestino Aós asume como el nuevo Arzobispo de Santiago, 24horas.cl, 11.01.2020; Hombre deja restos de lacrimógena en altar durante misa en la que Aós asumió como Arzobispo de Santiago, 24horas.cl, 11.01.2020; Chile: Mons. Aós invita a seguir a Jesús “haciendo el bien a todos” by Larissa I. López, Zenit, enero 13, 2020 18:07; Arzobispo Celestino Aós: “La caridad tiene que ser independiente de partidos e ideologías” by Sergio Rodríguez, La Tercera, 1 ago 2020 10:47 PM; Chile. Monseñor Aós: “Para el migrante, la patria es la tierra que le da el pan”, Vatican News, Ciudad del Vaticano, 08 septiembre 2020, 11:32; Te Deum: Arzobispo Aós llama a informarse y participar en el plebiscito, Diario Uchile, Viernes 18 de septiembre 2020 14:05 hrs; Monseñor Celestino Aós, nuevo cardenal by Larissa I. López, Zenit, octubre 25, 2020 18:24; Celestino Aós, español, arzobispo en Chile y cardenal: «Lo asumo como una nueva responsabilidad», ReligiónenLibertad, 26 octubre 2020; Papa Francisco.- Monseñor Aós, futuro cardenal español: "Esto no es un privilegio; al revés, aumenta la carga de responsabilidad", Infobae, 3 de Noviembre de 2020; For Chile’s new cardinal, his red hat came with a sisterly rebuke by Inés San Martín, Crux, Rosario, Argentina, Nov 4, 2020; L’arcivescovo del Cile, Aos Braco: “Io cardinale per restaurare una Chiesa ferita da abusi aberranti” by Salvatore Cernuzio, Vatican Insider, Città del Vaticano, 21 Novembre 2020.

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(82) 7. SIM, Cornelius
(1951-

Birth. September 16, 1951, Seria, Brunei. He is of Chinese and Dusunic descent. His grandfather was the first to be baptized in his family and among the first in his town. His parents were not keen on his faith formation either. He was brought up in the Church. He went to Catholic school, was an altar server, in the Legion of Mary, until he finished high school. Cornelius stopped practicing the Catholic religion as a university student. The death of his father posed some existential questions, which ultimately persuaded him to join a seminary.

Education. He holds an engineering degree from Dundee University, Scotland, Untied Kingdom, and worked for Shell Oil Company. In 1988 he obtained a Masters in Theology from the Franciscan University of Steubenville, Ohio, United States of America.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 26, 1989; he became the country's second local priest (the first being Rev Ivan Fang) when he was ordained. After working in various parishes, in 1995 he was appointed Vicar General of Brunei and on November 21, 1997 Apostolic Prefect; he was installed on February 22, 1998.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Puzia di Numidia and appointed Apostolic Vicar of the newly established Apostolic Vicariate of Brunei on October 20, 2004. Consecrated, January 21, 2005, at the Church of Our Lady of the Assumption in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei's capital city, by Salvatore Pennacchio, Titular Archbishop of Montemarano, Apostolic Delegate in Brunei Darussalam, assisted by John Ha Tiong Hock, Archbishop of Kuching, and by Anthony Lee Kok Hin, Bishop of Miri. His episcopal motto is Duc in Altum.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the title of San Giuda Taddeo Apostolo in that same consistory. He was not able to attend the Consistory because of restrictions related to the coronavirus pandemic.

Webgraphy. Elevazione della Prefettura Apostolica di Brunei (Brunei) a Vicariato Apostolico e Nomina del Primo Vicario Apostolico, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 20.10.2004; Historic moment for Church in Brunei as first bishop is ordained, Asia News, Bandar Seri Begawan, 02/14/2005, 00.00; Photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Apostolic Vicariate in Brunei Darussalam; New Brunei cardinal runs diocese with only three priests by Ben Joseph, UCA News, October 28, 2020 05:04 AM GMT; Dom Cornelius Sim, o vigário apostólico de Brunei que será cardeal, Vatican News, 29 outubro 2020, 12:53; La historia de uno de los nuevo cardenales: un obispo que sólo dispone de tres sacerdotes, COPE, 29 oct 2020 - 13:38; Brunei's cardinal-elect says Catholic Church can't be a 'little bubble', Catholic News Agency, Nov 3, 2020 / 10:19 am MT; Church lives in smaller countries, says cardinal-elect of Brunei by Rock Ronald Rozario, UCA News, November 04, 2020 12:20 PM GMT; The Younger brother: cardinal designate Cornelius Sim of Brunei by Christopher Lam, The Tablet, Il Sismografo, November 6, 2020; Brunei’s First Cardinal Has Franciscan University Connection by Peter Jesserer Smith, National Catholic Regiser, November 11, 2020; Asian cardinals-designate cancel trips to Rome by Junno Arocho Esteves, Catholic News Service, UCA News, November 12, 2020 12:56 PM GMT; Brunei cardinal says he was ‘hijacked’ into priesthood after saying, ‘Oh, hell no!’ by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Nov 16, 2020; Cornelius Sim: «El encuentro hace que la gente pregunte por Jesús» by María Martínez López, Alfa y Omega, .

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(83) 8. LOJUDICE, Augusto Paolo
(1964-

Birth. July 1, 1964, Rome, Italy.

Education. After the classical high school diploma, obtained in 1983 at the Liceo San Benedetto da Norcia, Rome, he prepared for the priesthood at the Pontifical Roman Major Seminary and attended courses in Philosophy and Theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University from 1983 to 1988. He obtained a Licentiate in Theology with a specialization in Fundamental Theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 6, 1989, for the Diocese of Rome.

Episcopate. Elected Titular Bishop of Alba Marittima and appointed Auxiliary of Rome, March 6, 2015. Consecrated, May 23, 2015, Patriarchal Lateran Basilica, by Cardinal Agostino Vallini, Vicar General of Rome, assisted by Romano Rossi, Bishop of Civita Castellana, and by Paolino Schiavon, Titular Bishop of Trevii, former Auxiliary Bishop of Rome. He is Secretary of the Episcopal Commission of the Italian Episcopal Conference (CEI) for Migrations. Promoted to the Metropolitan See of Siena-Colle Val d’Elsa-Montalcino, May 6, 2019.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Maria del Buon Consiglio in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Nomina di Ausiliare di Roma (Italia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 06.03.2015; Rinuncia dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Siena-Colle Val d’Elsa-Montalcino (Italia) e nomina del nuovo Arcivescovo Metropolita, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 06.05.2019; Nuovi cardinali: mons. Lojudice (Siena), “l’importante è la prossimità alla vita della gente”, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 26 ottobre 2020 @ 14:01; La sorpresa di Lojudice: resto un prete che cerca risposte al disagio che incontra by Benedetta Capelli and Alessandro Di Bussolo, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 27 ottobre 2020, 08:00, with audio; New cardinal sees clear continuity between Benedict XVI, Francis by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Nov 9, 2020; Augusto Paolo Lojudice: «Según el Evangelio, hay que mancharse las manos» by Victoria Isabel Cardiel C., Alafa y Omega, 22 de Noviembre de 2020.

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(84) 9. GAMBETTI, O.F.M.Conv., Mauro
(1965-

Birth. October 27, 1965, Castel San Pietro Terme, Bologna, Italy.

Education. After graduating in mechanical engineering from the University of Bologna in September 1992, he joined the Order of Friars Minor Conventals of which, after the year of novitiate, he professed temporarily on August 29, 1995 and definitively on September 20, 1998. After obtaining a Baccalaureate in Theology at the Theological Institute of Assisi (Perugia), he obtained a Licentiate in Theological Anthropology at the Theological Faculty of Central Italy in Florence.

Priesthood. Ordained, January 8, 2000, Longiano (Forlì-Cesena). In the Convent of SS. Crocifisso, in Longiano, he held the position of animator of youth and vocation ministry for Emilia-Romagna and, from 2005 to 2009, also that of leader and animator of the religious community (guardian). In the spring of 2009, the confreres of the Bolognese Province of Sant'Antonio di Padova with competence over the convents of the Friars Minor Conventual of Emilia-Romagna elected him their superior (provincial minister), an office from which he ceased on February 22, 2013, called by the Minister General and his Definitory to assume that of General Custos of the General Custody of the Sacred Convent of San Francesco in Assisi for the four-year period 2013-2017. At the same time, the Bishop of Assisi-Nocera Umbra-Gualdo Tadino appointed him Episcopal Vicar for the pastoral care of the Papal Basilica of San Francesco and other places of worship run by the Friars Minor Conventual in the same Diocese. Reconfirmed as Custos General for the four-year period 2017-2021. He was elected President of the Intermediterranean Federation of Provincial Ministers of the Friars Minor Conventual in September 2017.

Episcopate. Elected Titular Archbishop of Tisidu, Octobre 30, 2020. Consecrated, November 22, 2020, in the Upper Church of the Basilica of San Francesco of Assisi, by Cardinal Agostino Vallini, Papal Legate for the Basilicas of San Francesco and Santa Maria degli Angeli, assisted by Domenico Sorrentino, Archbishop-Bishop of Assisi-Nocera Umbra-Gualdo Tadino, and by Giovanni Mosciatti, Bishop of Imola. Cardinal Vallini pronounced the homily. His episcopal motto is Omnibus subiecti incaritate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santissimo Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Nuovi cardinali: Auxilium, un video di auguri a padre Mauro Gambetti dagli ospiti del centro di accoglienza, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 27 ottobre 2020 @ 18:39; Gambetti. «Io, cardinale francescano col sorriso. La fraternità risposta agli egoismi» by Giacomo Gambassi and Gianni Cardinale, Avvenire, sabato 7 novembre 2020; Assisi, tutto pronto per l'ordinazione episcopale del futuro cardinal Gambetti: dove seguirla in diretta, Perugia Today, 17 novembre 2020 16:27; Nuovi cardinali: Assisi, domenica 22 novembre l’ordinazione episcopale di fra Gambetti, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 17 novembre 2020 @ 18:57; Fra Gambetti vescovo: "Oggi tuffo da trampolino in mare aperto", Sala Stampa, Basilica San Francesco, Il Sismografo, domenica 22 novembre 2020; Un vero pastore per chi ricerca la pace, L'Osservatore Romano, 23 novembre 2020; Padre Gambetti: “A Roma con l’umiltà imparata da San Francesco” by Salvatore Cernuzio, Vatican Insider, Città del Vaticano, 27 Novembre 2020 22:11.

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(85) 10. ARIZMENDI ESQUIVEL, Felipe
(1940-

Birth. May 1, 1940, Chiltepec, municipality of Coatepec Harinas, State of México, then Archdiocese of México, today Diocese of Toluca. Son of Moisés Arizmendi and Coínta Esquivel.

Education. He completed his humanities and philosophy studies at the Seminary of Toluca from 1952 to 1959; and those of theology from 1959 to 1963 at the Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain, where he obtained a license in Dogmatic Theology, later specializing also in Liturgy.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 25, 1963, in Toluca. After ordination he held the following positions, among others: vicar cooperator in three different parishes (1963, 1964-1966, 1966-1967); prefect of philosophers and professor in the seminary (1963-1964); pastor (1967-1969); spiritual director and professor in the Minor Seminary (1969-1981), in charge of vocation ministry; rector of the Seminary (1981-1991); professor of Liturgy and Pastoral Theology. He was also a member of the Diocesan Commission of Liturgy (1967-1979); director of the Diocesan Catechetical Office (1968-1969); member of the Equipo de Pastoral Juvenil (1968-1978); secretary (1970-1973) and president of the Presbyteral Council (1976-1979); coordinator of the Diocesan Commission for Social Communications (1982-1984); and Vicar General (1989-1991). At the national level, he was a member of the Equipo Nacional de Pastoral Vocacional and of the Organización de Seminarios de México, of which he was also president for some time. He was also a member of the Equipo Interdisciplinar de Asesores de la Conferencia del Episcopado Mexicano; in 1986-1989, he chaired the Organización de Seminarios de América Latina and later worked as an expert in the Department of Vocations of Consejo Episcopal Latinoamericano (CELAM).

Episcopate. Elected Bishop of Tapachula, February 7, 1991. Consecrated, March 7, 1991, at the Cathedral of Tapachula, by Girolamo Prigione, Titular Archbishop of Lauriaco, Apostolic Delegate and Extroardinary Envoy to México, assisted by Adolfo Suárez Rivera, Archbishop of Monterrey, and by Bartolomé Carrasco Briseño, Archbishop of Oaxaca. During this period, he was Secretary General of CELAM. On March 31, 2000, he was transferred to the See of San Cristóbal de Las Casas; occupied the See until November 3, 2017.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Luigi Maria Grignion de Montfort in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Rinuncia del vescovo di San Cristóbal de Las Casas (Messico) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 31.03.2000; Rinuncia del Vescovo di San Cristóbal de Las Casas (Messico) e nomina del successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 03.11.2017; Mons. Felipe Arizmendi será creado cardenal por el Papa by Larissa I. López, Zenit, octubre 25, 2020 17:29; Mons. Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel: “La mia nomina a cardinale, un riconoscimento ai popoli indigeni” by Bruno Desidera, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 27 ottobre 2020; Nuevo cardenal mexicano: La Iglesia nunca podrá aprobar los actos homosexuales, ACI Prensa, 29 de octubre de 2020 - 6:34 PM; Monseñor Felipe Arizmendi: “Dicen que soy homófobo”, Zenit, noviembre 04, 2020 09:35; Mexican cardinal-designate credited for building up indigenous church by David Agren, National Catholic Reporter, Mexico City, Nov 5, 2020; México: Carta del Papa a monseñor Felipe Arizmendi by Larissa I. López, Zenit, noviembre 09, 2020 17:25; Monseñor Felipe Arizmendi: “Solidaridad ante la pandemia”, Zenit, noviembre 11, 2020 09:00; Monseñor Felipe Arizmendi: “Jornada de los Pobres”, Zenit, noviembre 18, 2020 09:00; Felipe Arizmendi, nuevo cardenal: "En México necesitamos políticos católicos sin vidas dobles" by Irene Savio, Proceso, miércoles, 25 de noviembre de 2020; Monseñor Felipe Arizmendi: “Qué significa ser cardenal”, Zenit, noviembre 25, 2020 10:28; Consistorio de Cardenales: Entrevista exclusiva a monseñor Felipe Arizmendi by Larissa I. López, Zenit, noviembre 27, 2020 12:59.

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(86) 11. TOMASI, C.S., Maria
(1940-

Birth. October 12, 1940, Casoni di Mussolente, Italy. He is a naturalized United States of America citizen.

Education. He received educational training in Italy and the United State, where he studied theology and was ordained a priest. He holds a BA in Social Science and a PhD in Sociology from Fordham University in New York. He joined the Missionaries of San Carlo - Scalabrinians.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 31, 1965, by Joseph Maria Pernicone, Titular Bishop of Adrianopoli di Onoriade, Auxiliary Bishop of New York. He was Assistant Professor of Sociology at the City University of New York and at the New School of Social Reserch (1970-1974). As founding director of the Center for Migration Studies, Inc., he founded and edited the quarterly "International Migration Review". He was Provincial Superior of his religious Congregation. From 1983 to 1987, he held the position of first Director of the Office of the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Refugees (PCMR) of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB / USCC). Named Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, June 27, 1989; occupied the position until June 1996.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbiship of Cercinia and appointed Apostolic Nuncio to Ethiopia, Eritrea and Observer before the African Union, June 27, 1996. Consecrated by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, Bishop of the Title of the Suburbicarian See of Albano, assisted by Giovanni Cheli, Titular Archbishop of Santa Giusta, and by Paolo Magnani, Bishop of Treviso. On April 24, 1999, he was named Titular Archbishop of Asolo and on December 23, 2000, he was named Apostolic Nuncio to Djibouti. On June 10, 2003, he was appointed Permanent Observer of the Holy See at the Office of the United Nations and Specialized Institutions in Geneva and Permanent Observer at the World Trade Organization (O.M.C.). He held the Office until February 13, 2016. On April 9, 2016, Pope Francis appointed him a member of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, now Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development. On November 1, 2020, the Pope appointed him Special Delegate to the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Rhodes and Malta (SMOM), with the task to collaborate, for the greater good of the Order, with H.E. Fra’ Ruy Gonçalo do Valle Peixoto de Villas Boas, interim lieutenant and Grand Commander of the Order, and with the next appropriately elected Grand Master.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of San Nicola in Carcere in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Nomina dell'Osservatore Permanente della Santa Sede presso l'Ufficio delle Nazioni Unite ed Istituzioni Specializzate a Ginevra ed Osservatore Permanente presso l'Organizzazione Mondiale del Commercio (O.M.C.), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 10.06.2003; Nomina di Membro del Pontificio Consiglio della Giustizia e della Pace, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 09.04.2016; Archbishop Tomasi has led the Vatican’s fight against nuclear weapons. Pope Francis is making him a Cardinal by Drew Christianse, America, The Jesuit Review, October 28, 2020; Lettera Pontificia al Cardinale eletto Silvano Maria Tomasi per la nomina a Delegato Speciale presso il Sovrano Militare Ordine di Malta, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 01.11.2020; L’Arcivescovo Silvano Tomasi è il nuovo Delegato Speciale presso il Sovrano Ordine di Malta, Sovrano Ordine di Malta, 01/11/2020; Pope Francis names Archbishop Tomasi delegate to Order of Malta by Hannah Brockhaus, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Nov 1, 2020 / 06:38 am MT; Cardinal-designate Tomasi is new special delegate to Order of Malta, La Crix International, November 2, 2020; Orden de Malta: El cardenal Tomasi, delegado especial, Zenit, noviembre 02, 2020 17:59; Appello dell'ex Gran Maestro Festing al cardinale Tomasi, «il voto va rimandato dopo il Covid» by Franca Giansoldati, Il Messaggero, Città del Vaticano, Martedì 3 Novembre 2020; Primo incontro con il nuovo Delegato Speciale, Sovrano Ordine di Malta, 03/11/2020.

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(87) 12. CANTALAMESSA, O.F.M.Cap., Raniero
(1934-

Birth. July 22, 1934, Colli del Tronto, diocese and province of Ascoli Piceno, Italy. He had a sister.

Education. Joined the Order of the Friars Minor Capuchins in 1946. Studied at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland; and at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 19, 1958, Basilica of Loreto, by Gaetano Malchiodi, Titular Bishop of Cana, Vicar of the Pontifical Administration of Loreto. He graduated in Theology from Friborg, Switzerland, and in Classical Literature from the Catholic University of Milan. Already as tenured professor of History of Christian Origins and director of the Department of Religious Sciences of the University of the Sacred Heart of Milan, he was a member of the International Theological Commission from 1975 to 1981 and, for twelve years, a member of the Catholic delegation for the dialogue with Pentecostal Churches. In 1979 he left teaching to devote himself full time to the ministry of the Word. He was appointed by Pope John Paul II preacher of the Pontifical House in 1980; he was confirmed by Pope Benedict XVI in 2005 and in 2013 by Pope Francis in that position. Each week, in Advent and Lent, he preaches a meditation in the presence of the Pope, cardinals, bishops, prelates and superiors general of religious Orders. He has been called to speak in many countries of the World, often also by brothers from other Christian denominations. He received an Honoris Causa degree in Law from the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, United States of America; in Communication Sciences from the University of Macerata, Italy; and in Theology from the Franciscan University of Steubenville, Ohio, United States of America. In addition to scientific books written as a historian of Christian Origins, on the Christology of the Fathers, Easter in the Old Church and other topics, he has published numerous works on spirituality, the result of his preaching in the Pontifical House, translated into a score of languages.

Episcopate. He requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope Francis.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Sant’Apollinare alle Terme Neroniane-Alessandrine in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; P. Raniero Cantalamessa, predicador de la Casa Pontificia, será cardenal by Larissa I. López, Zenit, octubre 25, 2020 17:53; Nuovi cardinali: p. Cantalamessa, “per me sarà un altro modo di stare vicino al Papa”, Servizio Informazione Religosa, 26 ottobre 2020 @ 15:56; Cardinal-elect Cantalamessa: appointment ‘recognition of Word of God’ by Devin Watkins, Vatican News, 27 October 2020, 16:01; Cantalamessa: “Gli scandali? La Chiesa più pura oggi che in passato. Le denunce interne grande progresso” by Salvatore Cernuzio, Vatican Insider, Città del Vaticano, 31 Ottobre 2020; Raniero Cantalamessa: «Quiero continuar vistiendo mi hábito de franciscano» by Victoria Isabel Cardiel C., Alfa y Omega, 4 de Noviembre de 2020; Cardinal-designate sees appointment as testament to God's word by Juno Arocha Esteves, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Vatican City, 11/5/2020; Raniero Cantalamessa, cardinale ma non vescovo: «Voglio morire con l’abito francescano», Chiesa di Rieti, Novembre 17, 2020; ‘A simple priest of the Church’: Papal preacher prepares to be made a cardinal by Hannah Brockhaus, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Nov 19, 2020 / 11:00 am MT; ,\Colegio Cardenalicio: El cardenal Cantalamessa seguirá siendo sacerdote by Anne Kurian-Montabone, Zenit, noviembre 19, 2020 13:02; “Frate fino alla morte”, Cantalamessa chiede di non essere ordinato vescovo. Da de Lubac a Simoni, i precedenti del passato by Salvatore Cernuzio, Il Secolo XIX, Città del Vaticano, 23 Novembre 2020.

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(88) 13. FEROCI, Enrico
(1940-

Birth. August 27, 1940, Pizzoli, Italy.

Education. When he was eleven years old he entered the Minor Pontifical Roman Seminary. After the liceali studies he attended the Major Roman Seminary.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 13, 1965; incardinated in the Diocese of Rome. In 1968 he was named Vice-Rector of the Minor Pontifical Roman Seminary. From 1976 until 1980, he was Vice-Pastor of e viceparroco di San Frumenzio ai Prati Fiscali; in 1980, he became its Pastor. On October 13, 1995, Pope John Paul II named him Chaplain of His Holiness. On July 1, 2004, he was named Pastor of Sant'Ippolito a piazzale delle Province. From September 1, 2009 until September 1, 2018, he was director of the diocesan Caritas of Rome. On September 1, 2019, he was named Pastor of Santa Maria del Divino Amore Parish in Castel di Leva and Rector of the Seminary of of the Madonna del Divino Amore.

Episcopate. Elected Titular Archbishop of Passo Corese, October 30, 2020. Consecrated, November 15, 2020, at 3 p.m., in the Santuario Nuovo della Madonna del Divino Amore, Rome, by Cardinal Angelo De Donatis, Vicar General of Rome, assisted by Claudio Maria Celli, Titular Archbishop of Civitanova and President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, and by Vincenzo Apicella, Bishop of Velletri-Segni.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the Consistory of Novembre 28, 2018; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Santa Maria del Divino Amore a Castel di Leva in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; L’ordinazione di monsignor Feroci e l’incontro sull’enciclica “Fratelli tutti”: due iniziative nella diocesi di Roma per la Giornata mondiale dei poveri, Diocesi di Roma, 6 novembre 2020; Nommé cardinal, le père Feroci espère bien rester curé de paroisse by Domitille Farret d'Astiès, Aleteia, 08/11/20; Ordinato vescovo monsignor Enrico Feroci, L'Osservatore Romano, 16 novembre 2020.

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