The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius VIII (1829-1830)
Consistory of July 5, 1830 (III)

(6) 1. ROHAN CHABOT, Louis-François-Auguste de (1788-1833)

Birth. February 29, 1788, Paris, France. Of a noble family. Eldest of the seven children of Alexandre Louis Auguste de Rohan-Chabot (1761-1816), duke of Rohan, prince of Léon, count of Chabot, and Anne Louise Elisabeth de Montmorency (1771-1828). The other siblings were Anne-Louis-Fernand, Louis-Charles-Philippe-Henri, Louise-Anne, Adélaide-Henriette, Marie-Charlotte and Anne-Louise. He became duke of Rohan, at the death of his father in 1816.

Early life. He married Marie Georgine Armandine de Sérent on May 2, 1808. Chamberlain of the French emperor, Napoléon I Bonaparte, in 1809; he occupied the post until the emperor's exile in 1814. His wife died on January 10, 1815, accidentally burned. He entered the seminary in 1819.

Education. Studied at Saint-Sulpice Seminary, Paris, from 1819 until 1822.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 1, 1822. Preached at la Roche-Guyon. Vicar general of Paris.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Auch, June 23, 1828. Consecrated, January 18, 1829, cathedral of Paris, by Hyacinthe-Louis de Quelén, archbishop of Paris, assisted by Louis-Augustine de Montblanc, archbishop of Tours, and by Guillaume-Aubin de Villèle, archbishop of Bourges. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Besançon, December 15, 1828.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of July 5, 1830. The fall of the Bourbon monarchy after the Revolution of July 1830 forced him to go to Belgium; and then to Switzerland. Participated in the conclave of 1830-1831, which elected Pope Gregory XVI. Received the red hat and the title of SS. Trintà al Monte Pincio, February 28, 1831.

Death. February 8, 1833, Besançon. Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Besançon.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 471-472; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 809-811; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 23, 45, 98 and 112.

Webgraphy. His statue, arms, château and biography, in French, Wikipedia; biography, in French, under "Le duc de Rohan d'après André Hallays", last item on the page, clioroche.chez; his statute, château and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his statue, cathedral of Saint-Jean et Saint-Étienne, Besançon, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, France; his genealogy, A1 B2 E1, Genealogy EU; and another genealogy, 1a.

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