Birth. January 31 (1), 1795, Ancona. Son of Palatine Count Oliverotto Ferretti (1756-1815) and Flavia Mancinforte Sperelli (1756-1826 or 1823). Grand-nephew of Cardinal Giovanni Ottavio Mancinforte Sperelli (1777). He was count of Castelferretti, Palatine count, noble of Rieti, noble of Fermo, patrician of Ancona and patrician of San Marino. Distant relative of Pope Pius IX.
Education. His family left Ancona in 1799, moving to Verona. On the way they left their children in Parma, where he studied at Collegio di S. Caterina. From there he went to Collegio Tolomei, in Siena, in 1803; to the Seminary of Ancona in 1809; and to Collegio Romano in 1814, where he obtained a doctorate in theology on September 6, 1818.
Priesthood. Ordained, June 1, 1817 (2). Canon of the Patriarchal Basilica of Lateran in September 1818.
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Rieti, May 21, 1827. Consecrated, May 27, 1827, Rome, by Cardinal Carlo Odescalchi; assisted by Lorenzo Mattei, titular Latin patriarch of Antioch, secretary of the S.C. of the Apostolic Visit, and by Antonio Baldini, titular archbishop of Neocaesarea. Promoted to the titular see of Seleucia in Isauria, July 29, 1833. Nuncio in Sicily, July 30, 1833. Transferred to the see of Montefiascone e Corneto, with personal title of archbishop, May 19, 1837. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Fermo, October 2, 1837.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of November 30, 1838; published in the consistory of July 8, 1839; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Quirico e Giulitta, July 11, 1839. Resigned pastoral government of the archdiocese, January 12, 1842. Prefect of the S.C. of Indulgences and Relics, March 14, 1843. Participated in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX. Legate in the provinces of Urbino and Pesaro, December 22, 1846. Secretary of State, July 17 to December 31, 1847. Secretary of Memorials, November 27, 1847. Grand penitentiary, March 18, 1852 until his death. Opted for the order of bishops and the suburbicarian see of Sabina, September 12, 1853. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, April 7, 1854 to March 23, 1855. Grand prior of the Equestrian Order of St. John of Jerusalem, February 11, 1858. Abbot commendatario of Ss. Vincenzo ed Atanasio ad Aquas Salvias, Rome.
Death. September 13, 1860, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Andrea delle Fratte, Rome, where the funeral took place on September 17, 1860, with the participation of Pope Pius IX; and buried, according to his will, in the chapel of the Redentore in the Capuchin church of the S. Maria della Concezione, Rome.
Bibliography. Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, VII, 31, 44, 195, 270, 319 and 341; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, VIII, 45.
Webgraphy. Biography by Giuseppe Monsagrati, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 47 (1997), Treccani; his genealogy, A8, Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Mediterranea; his engraving, arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana; his tomb, flickr.com.
(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 319; and his biography in Italian, linked above. His genealogy,
also linked above, says that he was born on March 31, 1795.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 319; the journal Pio IX, (1972) 416, indicates that he was ordained on January 1, 1817.
©1998-2021 Salvador Miranda.