Birth. December 27, 1943, Ségou, Mali. His first name is also listed as Jan; and his last name as Servo.
Education. Superior studies in Lyon, France. From 1977 to 1982, he studied at the Biblical Institute, Rome, obtaining a licentiate in Sacred Scriptures.
Priesthood. Ordained, July 10, 1971, Segou. Further studies in France; and in Rome, 1977-1982. For several years, from 1982, he was parish pastor in Markala and professor at the Major Seminary of Bamako.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Accia and appointed auxiliary of Bamako, June 21, 1988. Consecrated, November 20, 1988, in Bamako, by Cardinal Jozef Tomko, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, assisted by Luc-Auguste Sangaré, archbishop of Bamako, and by Joseph Paul Barnabé Perrot, M.Afr., bishop emeritus of San. Transferred to the see of Mopti, December 19, 1994. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Bamako, June 27, 1998. He played an important role in the peace negotiations in Mali and is committed to the efforts for reconciliation and against exclusion in the African country. He was a member of the civil delegation that met in Burkina Faso to bring peace between the military regime and political opposition parties. He has promoted dialogue with Muslims at a time when Sharia law is being imposed on Christians, despite the constitutional guarantees in Mali for freedom of religion.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2017; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Sant'Antonio da Padova in Via Tuscolana in that same consistory. On October 4, 2017, he was named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education. Took possession of his title on Sunday November 11, 2017. On December 23, 2017, the Pope named him member of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life.
Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in French, Wikipédia; photographs, Getty Images; El neocardenal Jean Zerbo no acudirá al consistorio del miércoles, Il Sismografo, lunedì 26 giugno 2017; No faltará ningún nuevo cardenal al Consistorio, confirma el Vaticano, by Álvaro de Juana, ACI, Vaticano, 27 Jun. 17 / 06:28 am; Concistoro, aggiornamento: saranno tutti presenti i nuovi cardinali by Andrea Gagliarducci, ACI Stampa, Bamako, 27 giugno, 2017 / 11:00 AM; Africa/Mali - Cardinal Zerbo: Catholic sentinels and mediators among violence and conflict, Genzia Fides, Bamako, Wednesday, 24 June 2020.
Birth. April 21, 1946, Cretas, a small Catalan-speaking village with a population of just over 580, archdiocese of Zaragoza, Spain. On of his sisters still lives there, while the other died at a young age. He was baptized and confirmed in Tortosa.
Education. He studied philosophy and theology at the Seminary of Zaragoza and at the Center of Personal Formation of the White Fathers in Louvain, Belgium, and in Jerusalem.
Priesthood Ordained, September 20, 1970. Vice-pastor in the archdiocese of Zaragoza; and pastor from 1990 to 1996. Episcopal vicar of Zaragoza. Chaplain of the Cisertian nuns of the Monastery of “Santa Lucia” in Zaragoza. For a year, he was a missionary in Zaïre, now known as the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Sasabe and appointed auxiliary of Zaragoza, July 15, 1996. Consecrated, September 22, 1996, at the Basilica Cathedral of Nuestra Señora del Pilar of Zaragoza, by Elías Yanes Alvarez, archbishop of Zaragoza, assisted by Joaquín Carmelo Borobia Isasa, bishop of Tarazona, and by José María Conget Arizaleta, bishop of Jaca. Member of the Episcopal Commissions for Pastoral, 1996 to 1999; and for the Apostolate of the Lay, 1999 to 2002 and 2008 to 2011. Member of the Episcopal Commission for Social Pastoral in 1996; its president from 2002 to 2008; and again, for the triennium 2014-2017. Transferred to the see of Barbastro-Monzón, October 29, 1999. Took possession of the diocese on December 12, 1999. National Counselor of Manos Unidas from 1999 to 2015. Apostolic Administrator, sede vacante, of Huesca, from August 24, 2001 to December 14, 2003. Apostolic Administrator, sede vacante, of Jaca, from October 19, 2001 to December 21, 2003. Transferred to the see of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño, April 8, 2004. Took possession of the diocese on May 29, 2004. On May 31, 2013, he was invested as Honorary Prior of the Virgin of Valvanera by the Chapter of Knights because of his work with the pilgrimages of the different municipalities of La Rioja during the Year of the Faith. Member of the Congregation for Bishops on November 6, 2014. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Barcelona, November 6, 2015. Took possession of the archdiocese on December 26, 2015. Member of the Executive Committee of the Spanish Episcopal Conference since March 14, 2017.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2017; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme in that same consistory. On December 23, 2017, the Pope named him member of the Congregation for Bishops and of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. He took possession of his title on Sunday January 21, 2018. On March 3, 2020, he was elected President of the Spanish Epicopal Conference for the quadriennium 2020-2024.
Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della
photograph and biography, in
Spanish, Spanish Episcopal Conference; his photograph,
Spanish Episcopal Conference;
photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia;
Birth. September 24, 1949, Sorengo, diocese of Lugano, Switzerland. He moved to Sweden at a very young age. As a young boy, he was a nominal Lutheran, as are most Swedes. He was confirmed in the Lutheran Church. By the age of 15, he had a longing to be Catholic, through contact with Catholics in Switzerland and the Bridgettine Sisters in Sweden. He had determined that, if Truth existed, it was in the Catholic Church. He became a Catholic at the age of twenty in 1969. Reading Saint Teresa of Lisieux, the Little Flower, attracted him to Carmelite spirituality. Later, his mother also became a Catholic. He has a sister living in Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States of America.
Education. Joined the Order of the Carmelites Discalced in Norraby, Sweden, in 1971; took the perpetual vows on December 8, 1977, in Bruges, Belgium. Studied philosophy and theology in Belgium and at the Carmelite Pontifical Theological Faculty, the Teresianum, in Rome. He also studied modern languages, English, Spanish and German, at the University of Lund.
Priesthood. Ordained, September 8, 1979, in Malmö. He then lived for a long time in the Carmelite convent of Norraby, in the municipality of Svalov, in southern Sweden.
Episcopate. Elected bishop of Stockholm, November 17, 1998. Consecrated, December 29, 1998, at the cathedral of Saint Eriks, by Hubertus Brandenburg, bishop emeritus of Stockholm, assisted by William Kenney, C.P., titular bishop of Midica, auxiliary of Stockholm, and by Alfons Nossol, bishop of Opole. His episcopal motto is In Laudem Gloriae. He is the first Catholic bishop of Sweden with Swiss origin since the time of the Lutheran Reformation in the sixteenth century. President of the Episcopal Conference of Scandinavia from 2005 to 2015; elected its vice-president in 2015. Member of the Commission of Presidency of Pontifical Council for the Family from 2002 to 2009. On January 21, 2014, he was named consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Laity. He has written numerous works on spirituality and Carmelite mysticism.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2017; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santa Maria degli Angeli in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Wednesday December 6, 2017. On December 15, 2017 he was named "Swede of the Year" by Fokus. On December 23, 2017, the Pope named him member of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. On April 30, 2018, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the Foundation of the Abbey of Buckfast, England, programmed for May 24, 2018. On August 6, 2019, the Pope named him member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. On August 6, 2020, the Pope named him member of the Council for the Economy.
Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photgraph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; An Interview with Bishop Anders Arborelius by Jared Litke, University of St. Thomas, December 15, 2001; Bishop Anders Arborelius: A Lutheran Who Became A Catholic Bishop - The Journey Home (7-11-2005), YouTube, published on Dec 22, 2014; Stockholm’s Bishop Preps for Pope’s Visit by Angelo Stagnaro, National Catholic Register, Stockholm Oct. 12, 2016; New Swedish cardinal elect affirming Church in peripheries, Vatican Radio, 22/05/2017 17:42; Audiencia: el futuro cardenal Arbolerius y la arzobispo luterano Jackelén regalan al Papa un icono de san Francisco by Jordi Picazo, Zenit, Ciudad del Vaticano, 14 junio 2017; New Swedish cardinal suggests high-level advisory group of women by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Rome, Jun. 28, 2017; Sweden’s First Cardinal Speaks With the Register by Edward Pentin, National Catholic Register, Vatican City, June 29, 2017; Ruoli più ufficiali per uscire dall’ombra. Il cardinale Arborelius entra nel dibattito sulle donne nella Chiesa, L'Osservatore Romano, 11 luglio 2017; Cardinal Arborelius: 400 years after death penalty for Catholic Swedes, numbers are rising, Rome Reports, 2017/08/12; Cardinal Arborelius named 'Swede of the year', Vatican Radio, 15/12/2017 13:41; Kardinal Arborelius: „Wir müssen Geduld miteinander haben“ by Marion Sendker and Renardo Schlegelmilch, Vatican News, Vatikanstadt, 10 Juni 2018, 14:47, with audio; Le Pape à Genève, «un pas prophétique» selon le cardinal Arborelius by Marion Sendker with Manuella Affejee, Vatican News, Cité du Vatican, 20 juin 2018, 11:54; Schweden: Europäische Bischofskonferenz berät über Migration, Vatican News, 12 Juli 2018, 13:06; Schwedens Kardinal: Rechte der Minderheiten schützen, Vatican News, 10 September 2018, 14:28, with audio; Teresa de Lisieux en una iglesia luterana: Cardenal Anders Arborelius de Estocolmo bendice icono de artista Lars Gerdmar by Jordi Picazo Salomo, Ecclesia Digital, 12 de enero de 2019; Card. Arborelius: in Svezia più attenzione alle richieste di asilo dei convertiti by Benedetta Capelli, Vatican News Città del Vaticano, 17 gennaio 2019, 19:37, with audio; Les chrétiens de Suède mobilisés pour le droit d’asile des migrants, entretien réalisé par Delphine Allaire, Vatican News, Cité du Vatican, 18 janvier 2019, 11:58, with audio; Sweden's approach to pandemic a risk to elderly, minorities, cardinal says by Junno Arocho Esteves, Catholic News Service, Rome, 5.8.2020 9:00 AM ET; Sweden’s first online ecumenical spiritual retreat, Vatican News, 27 May 2020, 16:00; Schweden/Vatikan: „Papst stellt Evangelisierung und Arme in den Mittelpunkt“, Vatican News, 29 Juli 2020, 12:44, with audio; Swedish cardinal puts COVID Mass restrictions in perspective: “There are greater sufferings in the world” by Cameron Doody, Novena, November 26, 2020; Anders Arborelius, obispo de Estocolmo: “Los migrantes están vivificando las comunidades religiosas europeas” by Mateo González Alonso, Vida Nueva Digital, 11/03/2021.
Birth. April 18, 1944, Bonha-Louang, apostolic vicariate of Vientiane. He is an ethnic Khamu (or Kmhmu, or Khmou), a hill tribe from northern Laos and southern China. He is the only male in a family with five sisters. He was baptized in 1952 by his mother, who had converted to Catholicism after the arrival of the missionaries in his village. His last name is also listed as Ling. The family had a little difficulty with his wish to enter the seminary.
Education. Studied in philosophy and theology in Canada. Joined the Institute Voluntas Dei (I.D.V.), a secular institute of pontifical right. He speaks Khmu, the language of his native town; Laotian, the official language of the country; French and English.
Priesthood. Ordained, November 5, 1972, in a refugee camp, for the apostolic vicariate of Vientiane. Founder of the School of Cathechists. He organized the visits to the villages of the mountain. In 1975, he was named pastor and pro-vicar of the apostolic vicar of Vientiane. On December 2, 1975, the Democratic People's Republic of Laos, ruled by the only Communist party, was proclaimed. He had to work without permission to bring the Gospel to villages and prisons and at the end of 1984 he was jailed, with chains in arms and leg, together with Tito Bachong, until 1987. He resumed his pastoral work in his native province, Paksé, as a priest until he was named apostolic vicar in 2000.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Acqua Nova in Proconsulare and appointed Vicar Apostolic of Paksé, Laos, October 30, 2000. Consecrated, April 22, 2001, in the Cathedral Sacré Coeur, Paksé, by Jean Khamsé Vithavong, O.M.I., titular bishop of Moglaena, vicar apostolic of Vientiane, assisted by Jean Sommeng Vorachak, titular bishop of Muzuca di Proconsulare, vicar apostolic of Savannakhet, and by Pierre Antoine Jean Bach, M.E.P., titular bishop of Tituli di Proconsulare, former vicar apostolic of Savannakhet. In December 2016, he took part in the beatification of 17 Laotian martyrs, including priests, religious and laypeople, who were martyred for the faith between 1954 and 1970 by Communist Pathet Lao forces. Among the new Blesseds was Luc Sy (1938–1970), a layman and catechist, who was also the cardinal’s cousin. Apostolic administrator, sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of the apostolic vicariate of Vientiane, February 2, 2017.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal in the consistory of June 28, 2017; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of San Silvestro in Capite in that same consistory. On October 4, 2017, he was named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education. On December 16, 2017, the Pope named him apostolic vicar of Vientiane. On December 23, 2017, the Pope named him member of the Dicastery for the Service of the Integral Hunan Development. He took possession of his title on Sunday April 22, 2018 at 5:30 p.m.
Birth. September 3, 1942, from a farming family, in Sociedad, diocese of San Miguel, departament of Morazán, El Salvador. His first name is also listed as José Gregorio.
Education. Primary studies in Sociedad; and later, in Jocoro, Morazán; secondary studies in the Minor Seminary of San José de la Montaña, in San Salvador, from 1957 to 1961; studied philosophy and theology in the Central Seminary of San José de la Montaña, San Salvador, from 1962 to 1964; worked in the Seminary, 1965; and studies, 1966 to 1969. He also studied at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, from 1973 to 1976, obtaining a licentiate in social communications. Besides his native Spanish, he speaks French and has a general knowledge of English, Italian and Portuguese.
Priesthood. Ordained, January 24, 1970, in the cathedral of San Miguel, El Salvador, by José Eduardo Álvarez Ramírez, C.M., bishop of San Miguel. Episcopal secretary of the diocese of San Miguel, 1970 to 1973. Pastor of the Church El Rosario, in the city of San Miguel, 1970 to 1973. Director of the means of social communications of the diocese of San Miguel: Radio Paz and Semanario Chaparrastique, 1971 to 1973. Spiritual assessor of several pious associations and movements of lay apostolate, 1970 to 1973. Rector of the Central Seminary San José de la Montaña, San Salvador, 1977 to 1982. As rector, he became friends with Blessed Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero of San Salvador, who was murdered in 1980. Professor of Theology at the Central Seminary San José de la Montaña, San Salvador, 1977 to 1982. Member of the Board of Directors of the Organization of Latinamerican Seminaries, 1979 to 1982.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Mulli and appointed auxiliary of San Salvador, February 17, 1982. Consecrated, July 3, 1982, church of María Auxiliadora, San Salvador, by Lajos Kada, titular archbishop of Tibica, apostolic nuncio to El Salvador, assisted by José Eduardo Álvarez Ramírez, C.M., bishop of San Miguel, and by Arturo Rivera Damas, S.D.B., bishop of Santiago de María. He has been outspoken about government abuses, even publicly naming the alleged killers of four Jesuits, their housekeeper, and her daughter, who were martyred in 1989. He has sustained death threats and accusations of being a communist. He was fundamental in the process of dialogue and negotiation that allowed to sign the peace accords in 1992 that put an end to the conflict in his country. Currently, he is pastor of the Church of San Francisco in San Salvador; and president of Caritas in El Salvador and also of Caritas for Latin America and the Caribbean. He is the first auxiliary bishop to be named a cardinal. He dedicated his promotion to the cardinalate to Blessed Oscar Arnulfo Romero and visited his tomb to ask the martyred archbishop to accompany him in this new stage of his pastoral life.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 28, 2017; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Santissimo Sacramento a Tor de’ Schiavi in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Sunday July 2, 2017, at 7:30 p.m. On December 23, 2017, the Pope named him member of the Dicastery for the Service of the Integral Human Development. On November 17, 2018, he was named special papal envoy to the closing of the 525th anniversary of the first Mass celebrated in America, to be held in Isabela, Dominican Republic, on January 5, 2019.
Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Spanish, Arzobispado de San Salvador, second on page; Sorpresa del Papa en Salvador: Auxiliar cardenal, arzobispo no by Andrés Beltramo Álvarez, Vatican Insider, Ciudad del Vaticano, 21/05/2017; «A las 5 de la mañana me llamaron y pensé que era una broma», dice el primer cardenal de El Salvador, ReligiónenLibertad, Lunes, 22 de mayo de 2017; Salvadoran cardinal-designate dedicates appointment to Blessed Romero, San Salvador, El Salvador, The Boston Pilot, CNS, 5/22/2017; Kansas City Catholics celebrate Rosa Chávez becoming cardinal by Shireen Korkzan, National Catholic Reporter, Kasas City, Missouri, June 19, 2017; El Salvador's first cardinal a friend of Blessed Oscar Romero, The Boston Pilot, CNA/EWTN News, San Salvador, El Salvador, Jun 21, 2017; Papa Francesco: Concistoro per la creazione di 5 cardinali, audio, Radio Vaticana, 2017-06-28; Salvadoran cardinal: Pope sending him to Korea to work for peace, The Boston Pilot, CNS, 7/10/2017; Pope to send Salvadorian cardinal on Korean peace mission by Junno Arocho Esteves, Catholic News Service, South Korea, ucanews.com, July 11, 2017; Cardinal calls Salvadorans to reflect on true meaning of martyrdom by Cindy Wooden, Rome, Crux, Catholic News Service, August 11, 2017; Card. Rosa Chávez: “Posible Santificación de nuestro Beato” by Rosa Die Alcolea, Zenit, 14 agosto 2017; Usan cuenta falsa de Cardenal para anunciar viaje del Papa Francisco a Centroamérica, ACI, 14 Ago. 17 / 05:17 pm; El Salvador’s new cardinal pledges to protect the legacy of Óscar Romero by Melissa vida, America, the Jesuit Review, August 14, 2017; History-making El Salvador cardinal to visit Long Island, La Croix International, August 16, 2017; Romero: card. Rosa Chávez (San Salvador), “Speriamo sia santo a gennaio 2019, tra i nostri poveri” by Patrizia Caiffa, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 24 marzo 2018; Salvadoran cardinal sees upcoming Romero canonization as 'gift from God', The Boston Pilot, CNS, 3/30/2018; Card. Rosa Chávez: “Que Mons. Romero sea canonizado junto a sus pobres” by Renato Martínez, vaticannews.va, Ciudad del Vaticano, 08 mayo 2018, 15:59, with video and audio; El cardenal Gregorio Rosa Chávez: La Iglesia vive un nuevo momento y monseñor Romero guía ese momento, Ecclesia Digital, 12 de octubre de 2018; Mons. Romero: card. Rosa Chavez, “un profeta di fuoco”, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 12 ottobre 2018 @ 17:52; Oscar Romero: card. Chávez e associazioni di El Salvador chiedono verità e giustizia, “l’omicidio non resti impunito” by Patrizia Caiffa, Sservivo Informazione Religiosa, 13 ottobre 2018; Primera Misa en América: El Papa nombra a su enviado especial para 525 aniversario, ACI Prensa, 17 de noviembre de 2018 9:11 am; Card. Rosa Chávez enviado al 525 Aniversario Primera Misa en las Américas, vaticannews.va, 17 noviembre 2018, 12:52; Lettera del Santo Padre all’Inviato Speciale alla chiusura del 525° anniversario della Celebrazione della Prima Eucaristia nel Continente Americano (Isabela, Diocesi di Puerto Plata, Rep. Dominicana, 5 gennaio 2019), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 29.12.2018; 525º aniversario de la Primera Eucaristía en América: Card. Rosa Chávez, Enviado Especial del Papa by Rosa Die Alcolea, Zenit, enero 04, 2019 14:0; Come il chicco di grano. Il cardinale Rosa Chávez inviato del Papa alle celebrazioni per i 525 anni dalla prima messa nel continente americano, L'Osservatore Romano, 1 gennaio 2019; Universidad da reconocimiento a Cardenal Gregorio Rosa Chávez by Beatriz Benítez, La Prensa Gráfica, 16 de Diciembre de 2019 - 00:00 HS; 50 Años al Servicio de Dios, Arzobispado de San Salvador, 24 enero, 2020; Cardenal Gregorio Rosa Chávez celebra 50 años de vida sacerdotal, Diario La Página, viernes, 24 enero 2020 4:51 PM; Iglesia pide prudencia y bajar los ánimos ante crisis política, Diario El Mundo, domingo 9, febrero 2020 - 11:30 am; America/El Salvador - Appello alla prudenza del Cardinale Rosa Chavez, per evitare scontri violenti e cercare il bene comune, Agenzia Fides, lunedì, 10 febbraio 2020; El Salvador: Card. Rosa Chávez llama a “ser cautelosos ante las tensiones” by Larissa I. López, Zenit, febrero 10, 2020 18:00; Cardenal Gregorio Rosa Chávez está en cuarentena tras viaje a EUA by Walter Sibrián, La Prensa Gráfica, 14 de Marzo de 2020 - 00:00 HS; Salvadoran cardinal urges government to dialogue as COVID-19 worsens by Rhina Guidos, UCA News, Catholic News Service, June 18, 2020 06:05 AM GMT; Bishops of El Salvador condemn social media attacks on Cardinal Chávez, Vatican News, 22 June 2020, 17:30; Salvadoran bishops defend cardinal after online attacks by Rhina Guidos, The Boston Pilot, CNS, 6/23/2020; Cardenal Rosa Chávez ve “nueva guerra” y llama a la tolerancia, by Saraí Alas, El Mundo, lunes 18, enero 2021 • 3:30 am; Cardenal lamenta desnaturalización del Ejército en El Salvador, Prensa Latina, San Salvador, 24 ene 2021; “40 palabras pueden hacer la paz o la guerra”: Cardenal califica de “violencia política” el ataque a militantes del FMLN by Azucena Henríquez, La Prensa Gráfica, 5 de Febrero de 2021 - 09:05 HS; America/El Salvador - Il Cardinale Rosa Chavez: “abbiamo una società contaminata a livello ecologico, morale, mentale e forse anche politico", Agenzia Fides, San Salvador, lunedì, 8 febbraio 2021; De la tierra de San Romero, el cardenal Rosa Chávez: la Radio es "imprescindible", Vatican News, 12 febrero 2021, 14:36; Cardenal Rosa Chávez condenó contrataciones de plazas fantasmas en Asamblea Legislativa, Diario la Huella, 03/14/2021; Cardenal Rosa Chávez: la corrupción es un mal endémico en El Salvador by Jaime López, El Mundo, lunes 29, marzo 2021 • 6:01 am; America/El Salvador - “La corruzione è un male endemico” sottolinea il Cardinale Rosa Chávez sul caso dei “seggi fantasma”, Agenzia Fides, San Salvador, martedì, 30 marzo 2021.
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