The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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Pope Francis (2013-
Consistory of August 27, 2022

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(89) 1. ROCHE, Arthur
(1950-

Birth. March 6, 1950, Batley Carr, diocese of Leeds, England. Son of Arthur and Frances Roche.

Education. He attended St Joseph's Primary School; then, St John Fisher High School; and later, Christleton Hall. From 1969 to 1975, he studied at St Alban's College in Valladolid, Spain, where he obtained a degree in theology from the Comillas Pontifical University. Later, he attended the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he obtained a licentiate in spiritual theology in 1991.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 19, 1975 by William Gordon Wheeler, bishop of Leeds. After three years of work as parish vicar in Barnsley, he became secretary to Bishop Wheeler. At the same time, he was also chaplain of St. John Bosco School in Leeds and vice chancellor of the diocese. He coordinated the Holy Father's visit to York in 1982. For six years he worked as parish vicar of the cathedral and then became pastor of St. Wilfrid parish in Leeds. Further studies in Rome in 1991. For four years he held the position of Spiritual Director at the Venerable English College in Rome. Since 1996 he was secretary general of the Bishops' Conference of England and Wales.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Rusticiana and named auxiliary bishop of Westminster, April 12, 2001. Consecrated, May 10, 2001, at the cathedral of the Most Precious Blood, Westminster, by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O’Connor, archbishop of Westminster, assisted by David Every Konstant, bishop of Leeds, and by Victor Guazzelli, titular bishop of Lindisfarna, auxiliary bishop of Westminster. His episcopal motto is Duc In Altum. President of the Department of Pastoral Affairs of Westminster until 2002. On July 16, 2002, he was named coadjutor bishop of Leeds. Succeeded to the see of Leeds, April 7, 2004. On June 26, 2012, he was appointed secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, with personal title of archbishop. On May 27, 2021, he was named prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. On December 1, 2021, the pope named him member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. On July 13, 2022, the Holy Father named him member of the Dicastery for Bishops.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Saba in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Nomina di Ausiliari dell'Arcivescovo di Westminster (Inghilterra), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 12.04.2001; Nomina del Coadiutore di leeds (Inghilterra), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 16.07.2002; Nomina del Prefetto, del Segretario e di Sotto-Segretario della Congregazione per il Culto Divino e la Disciplina dei Sacramenti, Sala stampa della Santa Sede, 27.05.2021; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Succeeding Cardinal Sarah, Pope Francis Appoints Archbishop Arthur Roche as Vatican's New Liturgy Chief by Courtney Mares, National Catholic Register, Vatican City, May 27, 2021; Culto Divino: l'Arcivescovo Roche nominato Prefetto. Il Vescovo Viola nuovo Segretario by Marco Mancini, ACI Stampa, Città del Vaticano, 27 maggio, 2021 / 12:04 AM; Pope names English archbishop to lead worship congregation by Junno Arocho Esteves, The Boston Pilot, CNS, Vatican City, 5/27/2021; Pope Francis appoints Archbishop Roche as new prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship, successor to Cardinal Sarah by Gerard O’Connell, America, The Jesuit Review, May 27, 2021; Archbishop Roche to head liturgy congregation by Christopher Lamb, The Tablet, 27 May 2021; Pope Francis names Archbishop Arthur Roche as Vatican’s new liturgy chief by Courtney Mares, The Catholic World Report, May 27, 2021; Archbishop Roche new Prefect of Congregation for Divine Worship, Independent Catholic News, May 27th, 2021; Mgr Roche succède au cardinal Sarah, Aleteia, 27/05/21; Pope’s new pick for head of liturgy department: A bet or a hedge? by Ed Condon, The Pillar, May 27,2021; Arthur Roche named prefect at Divine Worship by Loup Besmond de Senneville, La Croix International, May 28, 2021; New Leadership Team at Congregation for Divine Worship Shares Pope’s Perspectives on Liturgy by Edward Pentin, National Catholic Register, May 28, 2021; La liturgia terrena anticipa quella celeste. Inaugurazione del nuovo anno accademico del Pontificio ateneo Sant’Anselmo con l’arcivescovo Arthur Roche by Roberto Cetera, L'Osservatore Romano, 07 ottobre 2021; Archbishop Roche says Vatican II is the guide for liturgical reform by Christopher Lamb, The Tablet, 08 October 2021; Authenticam ironiam. A tale of two prefects of the Vatican office for Divine Worship by Robert Mickens, La Croix International, Vatican City, October 8, 2021; Archbishop Roche: Vatican II’s reform of the Mass is ‘irreversible’ by Gerard O’Connell, America, The Jesuit Review, October 12, 2021; Decreto della Congregazione per il Culto Divino e la Disciplina dei Sacramenti attuativo delle disposizioni del can. 838 del Codice di Diritto Canonico, + Arthur Roche, Prefect, + Vittorio Francesco Viola, O.F.M., Archbishop, Secretary, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 22.10.2021; Vatican issues decree clarifying responsibilities for translation of Latin liturgical texts by Courtney Mares, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Oct 22, 2021 / 09:00 am; Magnum Principium, pubblicato il decreto che ne recepisce le disposizioni by Marco Mancini, ACI Stampa, Città del Vaticano, 22 ottobre, 2021 / 12:30 AM; Roche: as responsabilidades dos bispos nas traduções dos textos litúrgicos latinos, Vatican News, 22 outubro 2021, 18:45, with audio; Vatican liturgy chief: Traditional Latin Mass ‘abrogated by Pope St. Paul VI’, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Nov 8, 2021 / 09:00 am; Monseñor Roche afirma que la misa tradicional fue abrogada por Pablo VI, fsspx.news, Noviembre 11, 2021; Vatican's top liturgy official confirms restrictions on Latin Mass by Christopher White, National Catholic Reporter, Rome, Nov 19, 2021; Papa Francesco nomina i due nuovi prefetti membri di Propaganda Fide by Andrea Gagliarducci, ACI Stampa, Città del Vaticano, 11 dicembre, 2021 / 1:00 PM; Letter to the Presidents of the Episcopal Conferences on the Rite of Institution of Catechists, Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 13.12.2021; Vatican liturgy office issues guidelines for catechist ministry by Hannah Brockhaus, Catholic News Agency, Vatican City, Dec 13, 2021 / 06:00 am; Responsa ad Dubia on certain provisions of the Apostolic Letter Traditionis Custodes issued “Motu Proprio” by the Supreme Pontiff Francis. To the Presidents of the Conferences of Bishops. From the offices of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, 4 December 2021, on the 58th anniversary of the promulgation of the Constitution on the Scared Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium. ✠ Arthur Roche, Prefect, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 18.12.2021; Pope Francis approves further restrictions on Latin Mass to ensure adherence to Vatican II by Christopher White, National Catholic Reporter, Rome, Dec 18, 2021; Liturgia. La Messa in rito antico: i chiarimenti ai dubbi dei vescovi, Avvenira, sabato 18 dicembre 2021; Roche's Rules: Does the new Extraordinary Form instruction line up with Vatican II? by Ed. Condon, The Pillar, Dec 20, 2021; Archbishop Roche on ‘Traditionis Custodes’ and Its Guidelines: ‘The Liturgical Possibilities Are in Place’ by Edward Pentin, National Catholic Register, Vatican City, December 23, 2021; Archbishop Roche: Most bishops understand the need for Pope Francis’ Latin Mass restrictions by Cindy Wooden, America, The Jesuit Review, January 21, 2022; Arthur Roche: prefect under pressure by Christopher Lamb, The Tablet, 24 February 2022; Note to Bishops and Episcopal Conferences on the Celebration of Holy Week 2022, ✠ Arthur Roche, Prefect; ✠ Vittorio Francesco Viola, O.F.M., Archbishop Secretary, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 25.03.2022; Mons. Arthur Roche: “Pronto un documento sobre la formación litúrgica de todos los bautizados” by Alfonso Riobó, Omnes, 9 de mayo de 2022; A conversation with future Cardinal Roche, Prefect of Divine Liturgy, Sacraments by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, 16 June 2022, 07:00, with audio and video; Ernannter Kardinal bedauert „Grabenkämpfe“ in der Liturgie-Debatte by Mario Galgano and Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, Vatikanstadt, 20 Juni 2022, 13:13, with audio; Vatican’s liturgy czar says Church makes tradition, not ‘people in lobbies’ by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Aug 29, 2022, with audio; Cardinal Roche: Our mission is to help you carry this cross, not to increase its weight, Independent Catholic News, Aug 29th, 2022; English Cardinal Arthur Roche is of course papabile and here is why by Simon Caldwell, Catholic Herald, September 2, 2022 at 10:52 am; England's newest Cardinal reflects on the Consistory, Independent Catholic News, Sep 4th, 2022, with audio; Cardinal Roche praises late Queen Elizabeth’s ‘love for her people’, Catholic Church, Bishops' Conference of England and Wales, Thursday, September 8th, 2022 @ 9:07 pm; El Cardenal Roche explica la amistad entre la Reina y el cardenal Murphy-O’Connor by Sean Richardson, Omnes, 21 de septiembre de 2022; Cardinal Roche pays tribute to Queen Elizabeth at Mass of Remembrance, Vatican News, 28 September 2022, 11:30.

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(90) 2. YOU HEUNG-SIK, Lazarus
(1951-

Birth. November 17, 1951, Nonsan-gun Chungnam, Taejon, South Korea. He was baptized when he was 16 years old. His first name is also listed as Lazzarus and as Lazzaro.

Education. Studied in South Korea and in Rome, obtaining a doctorate in fundamental theology at the Pontifical Lateran University.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 9, 1979, for the diocese of Taejon. He is part of the Focolare Movement. He has been vice-parish priest of the cathedral; director of the Solmoe Retreat House and of the Catholic Center for Education and Diocesan Pastoral Care; and rector and professor in the Major Seminary of Taejon.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor bishop of Daejeon, July 9, 2003. Consecrated, August 19, 2003, at Chung Mu Gymnasiumby, Daejeon, by Joseph Kyeong Kap-ryong, bishop of Daejeon, assisted by Mathias Ri Iong-hoon, titular bishop of Catabum Castra, and by Joseph Lee Han-taek, S.J., titular bishop of Thibuzabetum. His episcopal motto is Lux Mundi. Succeeded to the see of Daejeon, April 1, 2005. He has visited North Korea several times. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy and at the same time received the title of archbishop-bishop emeritus of Daejeon, June 11, 2021. He left for Rome in July 2021 before starting his five-year term in August 2021. On December 1, 2021, the pope named him member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. On July 13, 2022, the Holy Father named him member of the Dicastery for Bishops.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Gesù Buon Pastore alla Montagnola in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Nomina del Coadiutore di Taejon (Corea), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 09.07.2003; Rinuncia del Vescovo di Daejeon (Corea), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 01.04.2005; Nomina del Prefetto della Congregazione per il Clero, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 11.06.2021; Un coreano in Vaticano. La scelta di Francesco che sogna un viaggio nella terra di Kim by Paolo Rodari, La Repubblica, 11 giugno 2021; Korean bishop named new Prefect of the Conggregation for the Clergy, La Croix International, June 11, 2021; El obispo surcoreano Lazarus You Heung-sik, nuevo prefecto de la Congregación para el Clero, Ecclesia Digital, 11 Jun 2021; Mgr Lazare You Heung-sik devient préfet de la Congrégation pour le Clergé by Cyprien Viet, Vatican News, Cité du Vatican, 11 juin 2021, 12:28; Korean Bishop Lazarus You Heung-sik is the new Prefect of the Clergy, Vatican News, 11 June 2021, 14:59; Moon congratulates Korean archbishop on appointment to Vatican secretary position, Yonhap News Agency, Seoul, 12:58 June 12, 2021; S. Korea's first Vatican Prefect You Heung-sik vows efforts for Pope's N. Korea visit, Yonhap News Agency, Sejong, 18:47 June 12, 2021; Korean archbishop ready for big Vatican challenge, UCA News, Seoul, June 14, 2021 08:23 AM GMT; Il neo prefetto You: 'A Roma nel segno dei martiri coreani', AsiaNews.it, Daejeon, 14/06/2021, 10.45; Le premier préfet sud-coréen du Vatican devrait servir de bâtisseur de ponts pour la visite du pape au Nord, Yonhap News Agency, Seoul, 20.06.2021 à 13h28; Asia/Corea del Sud - Mons. Lazzaro You Heung-sik: “La visita del Papa in Corea del Nord sarebbe una svolta di pace”, Agenzia Fides, Daejeon, mercoledì, 23 giugno 2021; Affidiamo ai nostri martiri la riconciliazione della Corea by Paolo Affatato, L'Osservatore Romano, 25 giguno 2021; Archbishop: Papal trip to North Korea unlikely, but would promote peace by Cindy Wooden, Catholic News Service, Vatican City, Jully 8, 2021; L'archevêque You Heung-sik, nouveau préfet du Vatican, a été reçu par le Pape, Younhap, Rome-Seoul, 06.08.2021 à 10h36; Korean Archbishop to Preside over Vatican Mass to Commemorate 1st Korean Priest, KBS World, 2021-08-19 11:14:35; L'archevêque You célèbrera au Vatican une messe pour le 200e anniversaire de la naissance de Saint-André Kim Tae-gon, Yonhap News Agency, 19.08.2021 à 17h04; Martiri coreani, Messa a San Pietro per i 200 anni della morte di Andrea Kim Taegon, Vatican News, 20 agosto 2021, 16:15; Korean Archbishop: St. Kim Taegon ‘upheld Christian value of human dignity’ by Devin Watkins, Vatican News, 21 August 2021, 16:52; Arcivescovo You: “Preghiamo per una visita di Papa Francesco in Corea del Nord” by Andrea Gagliarducci, ACI Stampa, Città del Vaticano, 21 agosto, 2021 / 5:00 PM; Msgr You Heung-sik: 'Me, the first Christian in my family, and the Synod' by Lazarus You Heung-sik, AsiaNews.it, Vatican City, 10/09/2021, 10.25; Archbishop You Heung-sik Lazzaro says efforts made to foster conditions for papal visit to N. Korea, airang.com, 2021-10-31 14:42:46 KST; Papa Francesco nomina i due nuovi prefetti membri di Propaganda Fide by Andrea Gagliarducci, ACI Stampa, Città del Vaticano, 11 dicembre, 2021 / 1:00 PM; ¿Qué hace un coreano al frente de la Congregación para el Clero? by Ester Palma González, Alfa & Omega, 17 de Enero de 2022; El Prefecto de la Congregación para el Clero Arzobispo, Lazzaro You Heung Sik, celebra Misa en Medjugorje, Fundación Centro Medjugorje, Medjugorje, 06.02.2022; Letter to the Priest about the Synodal Journey, Cogregatio Pro Clericis, Synodus Episcoporum, Mario Card. Grech, Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops, Lazzaro You Heung Sik, Archbishop-Bishop em. of Daejeon, Prefect of the Congregation for the ClergyVatican City, March 19, 2022; Cardinal Grech and Archbishop Heung-sik write to priests worldwide, Independent Catholic News, Mar 20th, 2022; A dialogue with future Cardinal Lazarus You Heung-sik by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, 24 June 2022, 07:00, with video; New cardinal and clergy chief: ‘My role is to encourage priests’ by Hannah Brockhaus, Catholic News Agency, Rome Newsroom, Aug 31, 2022 / 04:24 am; Il cardinale You Heung-sik: come Bartolo Longo, nelle difficoltà preghiamo Dio fiduciosi by Tiziana Campisi, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 03 ottobre 2022, 17:27.

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(91) 3. VÉRGEZ ALZAGA, L.C., Fernando
(1945-

Birth. March 1, 1945, Salamanca, Spain.

Education. Joined the Congregation of the Legionaries of Christ (L.C.); perpetual vows, December 25, 1965. He attended the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, obtaining degrees in philosophy and theology, and then a diploma as an archivist from the Vatican Secret Archives.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 26, 1969, in Rome, by Cardinal Ildebrando Antoniutti, prefect of the Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes. In 1972 he entered the service of the Roman Curia as an assistant in the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life; in April 1984, he was moved to the Pontifical Council for the Laity. After that, he was appointed to head the ordinary section of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See; then in June 2004 he became head of the Internet Office of the Holy See. On February 1, 2008, Pope Benedict XVI appointed him Telecommunications Director of the Vatican City, with the Poste Vaticane, and in August 2013 Pope Francis promoted him to be Secretary General of the Governorate of Vatican City State, succeeding Bishop Giuseppe Sciacca. Named secretary general of the Governatorate of Vatican City State, August 30, 2013.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Villamagna di Proconsulare, October 15, 2013. Consecrated, November 15, 2013, at St. Peter's basilica, by Pope Francis, assisted by Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello, president of the Governatorate of Vatican City State and president of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, and by Brian Farrell, L.C., titular bishop of Abitina, secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. His episcopal motto is Christus In Vobis Spes Gloriæ. Named president of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State and president of the Governatorate of Vatican City State, September 8, 2021; both apointments were effective on October 1, 2021.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Maria della Mercede e Sant’Adriano a Villa Albani in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal of his congregation.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Nomina del Segretario Generale del Governatorato dello Stato della Città del Vaticano, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 30.08.2013; Elevazione alla Dignità Episcopale de; Segretario Generale del Governatorato dello Stato della Città del Vaticano, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 15.10.2013; Episcopal Ordination of Fr. Fernando Vérgez Alazaga, L.C., titular bishop of Villamagna di Proconsulare, secretary general of the Governatorate of Vatican City State. Homily by Pope Francis, Vatican Basilica, Friday, 15 November 2013; Nomina del Presidente della Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano e Presidente del Governatorato dello Stato della Città del Vaticano, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 08.09.2021; Governatorato SCV, l'Arcivescovo Vérgez Alzaga nuovo Presidente by Marco Mancini, ACI Stampa, Citta del Vaticano, 08 settembre, 2021 / 12:08 AM; Vatican: Mgr Vérgez Alzaga nouveau président du Gouvernorat, Vatican News, 08 septembre 2021, 13:18; Bishop Fernando Vérgez, LC, Appointed by Pope Francis as First Legionary of Christ to be Named Cardinal, Regnum Christi, Legionaires of Christ, 06 Jun 2022; Mons. Fernando Vérgez, L. C.: «Hacen falta testigos del Evangelio que sepan sacudir las conciencias» by Giovanni Tridente, Omnes, 8 de julio de 2022.

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(92) 4. AVELINE, Jean-Marc
(1958-

Birth. December 26, 1958, Sidi Bel Abbès, diocese of Oran, Algeria. He he lived with his parents and his two sisters the painful uprooting of repatriated people after independence. His baptismal name is Jean-Marc Noël.

Education. After his secondary studies at the Lycée Thiers in Marseille, in 1977 he entered the Interdiocesan Seminary of Avignon, where he attended the first cycle of theology; and then at the Séminaire des Carmes in Paris, where he carried out his theological studies at the Institut Catholique, obtaining a doctorate in theology in 2000. He also holds a licentiate in philosophy from the Université Paris I et Paris IV Sorbonne. Received the diaconate on November 12, 1983, from Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, in the church Sainte-Colombe, Villejuif, diocese of Créteil.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 3, 1984, in the cathedral Sainte-Marie-Majeure, called La Major, Marseille, by Louis Dufauxfor; incardinated in the archdiocese of Marseille. Since priestly ordination, he has held the following roles: professor of theology and director of studies at the Interdiocesan Seminary in Marseille and member of the pastoral team of the Saint-Marcel parish in Marseille; episcopal vicar for permanent formation and member of the pastoral team of the Saint-Pierre–Saint Paul parish in Marseille (1987-2007); head of the Service diocésain des vocations and diocesan delegate for seminarians (1991-1996); founder and director of the Institut des sciences et de théologie des religions of Marseille (ISTR) (1992-2002); director of the Institut Saint-Jean, which in 1998 became the Institut Catholique de la Méditerranée, associated with the Faculty of Theology of Lyon (1995-2013); and teacher in the Faculty of Theology of the Université Catholique de Lyon (1997-2007). Since 2007 he has also served as vicar general of Marseille. In addition, from 2008 to 2012 he was consultor to the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Simidicca and appointed auxiliary of Marseille, December 19, 2013. Consecrated, January 24, 2014, metropolian cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure, Marseille, by Georges Paul Pontier, archbishop of Marseille, assisted by Cardinal Roger-Marie-Élie Etchegaray, archbishop emeritus of Marseille, and by Cardinal Bernard-Louis-Auguste-Paul Panafieu, archbishop emeritus of Marseille. His episcopal motto is Que tout se passe pour moi selon ta Parole. In the French Episcopal Conference he is president of the Council for Interreligious Relations and the new religious currents. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Marseille on August 8, 2019. On July 13, 2022, the Holy Father named him member of the Dicastery for Bishops.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria ai Monti in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photography and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biogrepahy, in French, Église catholique en France, Édité par la Conférence des évêques de France; Nomina dell'Ausiliare di Marseille(Francia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 19.12.2013; Reportage Sur L'ordination Episcopale Du Père Jean-Marc Aveline, Co-Fondateur Et Parrain De Chrétiens De La Méditerranée, Chrétiens De La Méditerranée, 6 février 2014; Damaging Environment against Religious Values, International Quran News Agency, Tehran (Iqna), January 08, 2019; Rinuncia dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Marseille (Francia) e nomina del nuovo Arcivescovo Metropolita, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 08.08.2019; Pope Names New Archbishop of Marseille, France, Zenit, August 08, 2019 15:19; Mgr Jean-Marc Aveline, un nouvel évêque pour Marseille, Aleteia, 08 août 2019; Mgr Jean-Marc Aveline, un fidèle artisan du dialogue interreligieux pour Marseille by Arnaud Bevilacqua, La Croix International, 08/08/2019 à 17:32; Entretien: les défis du novel archevêque de Marseille, Mgr Jean-Marc Aveline, franceinfo, 09/08/20219 10h 41; Messe d'installation de Mgr Jean-Marc Aveline, YouTube, Sep 15, 2019; Marseille : le nouvel archevêque Mgr Aveline fait cathédrale comble, La Provence, lundi 16/09/2019 à 08h58; Mgr Aveline: Marseille, une étape dans le pèlerinage méditerranéen du Pape, Entretien réalisé par Delphine Allaire, Vatican News, Cité du Vatican, 09 avril 2021, 17:30; L'arcivescovo. «Ecco perché la Chiesa ha bisogno di un Sinodo sul Mediterraneo» by Giacomo Gambassi, Avvenire. martedì 6 luglio 2021; Jean-Marc Aveline, le fils de la Méditerranée, nommé cardinal par le pape François by François Vayne, La Vie, 30/05/2022 à 10h21; L'archevêque de Marseille appelle à un «réveil des consciences» face à la violence et aux trafics, Le Figaro with AFP, 31/08/2021, 17:46; A new cardinal for the Mediterranean port city of Marseille by Isabelle de Gaulmyn, La Croix International, May 30, 2022; Jean-Marc Aveline créé cardinal par le pape : les raisons d’un choix by Marie-Lucile Kubacki, La Vie, 31/05/2022 à 17h01; «La France intrigue le papa» by Virginie Riva, Le Journal du Dimanche, dimanche 21 août 2022; Il colloquio. Jean-Marc Aveline: «La mia voce di cardinale per il Mediterraneo» by Giacomo Gambassi, Avvenire, mercoledì 31 agosto 2022; Jean-Marc Aveline, le cardinal préféré du Pape by Caroline Pigozzi, Paris Match, 04/09/2022 à 13:39; Cardenal Aveline: “Sueño con un Sínodo del Mediterráneo” by José Lorenzo, Religión Digital, 08.09.2022.

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(93) 5. OKPALEKE, Peter Ebere
(1963-

Birth March 1, 1963, Amesi, "Aguata Local Government Area", State of Anambra, Nigeria. He is from the Ibo people, who are in the majority in southern Nigeria, and he is not from the Mbaise ethnic group.

Education. After frequenting the local schools, in 1983 he entered the Bigard Memorial Major Seminary, in Ikot-Ekpene and Enugu, where he stduied philosophy and theology (1983-1992).

Priesthood. Ordained, August 22, 1992 and incardinated in the diocese of Awka. After his ordination he was from 1992 to 1995 adjunct secretary of the bishop and procurator of the episcopal residence; from 1993 to 1995 member of Aguata Local Goverment Education; from 1995 to 1997 superior studies at CIWA, Port Harcourt; from 1997 to 1999 chaplain at Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, and financial administrator of the diocese; from 1999 to 2002 superior studies in canon law at Università della Santa Croce, Rome; from 2002-2011 chancellor of the diocese of Awka, secretary of the Diocesan Pastoral Council, secretary of the Presbyteral Council and of the College of Deans, diocesan examiner; from 1995 member of the Canon Law Society of Nigeria; from 2002 member of the College of Consultors; from 2005 member of the Committee for the Creation of the Dioceses; from 2007 judge of the Interdiocesan Tribunal of Onitsha; from pastor of Sts. John and Paul Parish, Umubele, Awka.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ahiara, December 7, 2012. Consecrated, May 21, 2013 at Ulakwo, chapel of Seat of Wisdom Major Seminary, by Anthony John Valentine Obinna, archbishop of Owerri, assisted by Ignatius Ayau Kaigama, archbishop of Jos, and by Cardinal John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan, archbishop of Abuja. He was at the center of a six-year conflict in his former diocese of Ahiara where some of the priests and laity stubbornly rejected him on ethnic grounds and made it impossible for him to assume his office. The local clergy and people prevented him from entering the cathedral to take possession of the diocese. Pope Francis demanded that the rebellious priests send letters of apology for their behavior. But they still rejected the bishop. Bishop Okpaleke submitted his resignation and the pope accepted it on February 19, 2018. Transferred to the see of the new diocese of Ekwulobia, March 5, 2020.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Ss. Martiri dell’Uganda a Poggio Ameno in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Nomina del Vescovo di Ahiara (Nigeria), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 07.12.2012; Erezione della nuova Diocesi di Ekwulobia (Nigeria) e nomina del primo Vescovo, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 05.03.2020; Bishop who was victim of tribalism is to be Nigeria's next cardinal by Lucie Sarr, La Croix International, May 31, 2022; Buhari congratulates Bishop Okpaleke on appointment as Cardinal by Pope by Stephen Angbulu, Punch, 3 June 2022; Bishop Okpaleke’s Choice As Cardinal Good Image For Nigeria – Umenzekwe by Ejikeme Omenazu, Independent, Jun 12, 2022; Soon-to-Be Cardinal of Nigeria: ‘I Remain Grateful to God’, National Catholic Register, June 13, 2022; New cardinal says he is worried about ‘survival of Christianity’ in Nigeria by Inés San Martín, Crux, Rome, Aug 17, 2022, with audio.

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(94) 6. STEINER, O.F.M., Leonardo Ulrich
(1950-

Birth. November 6, 1950 in Forquilhinha, diocese of Criciúma, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Cousin of Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns, O.F.M. (1973).

Education. Joined the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) on January 20, 1972 and made his religious profession on August 2, 1976. Studied philosophy and theology at Franciscan houses of study in Petrópolis; obtained a bachelor's degree in philosophy and pedagogy in the Salesian Faculty of Lorena. Obtained the license and the doctorate in philosophy at the Antonianum Pontifical University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, January 21, 1978, by Paulo Evaristo Arns, O.F.M., archbishop of São Paulo. After his studies and a period as vice-pastor and pastor, he was formator in the seminary until 1986 and master of novices from 1986 to 1995. From 1995 to 2003, he was professor of philosophy and secretary of the Antonianum. Returned to Brazil in 2003 and was vice-pastor of the parish of Bom Jesus in the archdiocese of Curitiba as well as professor in the Philosophy Faculty Bom Jesus of the same.

Episcopate. Elected bishop prelate of São Félix, February 2, 2005. Consecrated, April 16, 2005, cathedral São Paulo Apóstolo, Blumenau, by Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns, O.F.M., archbishop emeritus of São Paulo, assisted by Angélico Sândalo Bernardino, bishop of Blumenau, and by Heinrich Timmerevers, titular bishop of Tulana, auxiliary of Münster. His episcopal motto is Verbum Caro Factum. Elected titular bishop of Tisiduo and appointed auxiliary of Brasília, September 21, 2011. From May 2011 to May 2019 he was secretary general of the Brazilian Episcopal Conference. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Manaus, Novembre 27, 2019. He is vice president of the Ecclesial Conference of the Amazon (Ceama).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Leonardo da Porto Maurizio ad Acilia in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; Rinuncia del Vescovo Prelato di São Félix (Brasile) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 02.02.2005; Nomina di Ausiliare di Brasília (Brasile), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 21.09.2011; Rinuncia dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Manaus (Brasile) e nomina del nuovo Arcivescovo Metropolita, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 27.11.2019; New Brazilian cardinal highlights Pope’s concern for Amazon region by Eduardo Campos Lima, Crux, São Paulo, May 30, 2022, with audio; Alegria do Regional Norte1: dom Leonardo, “o nosso cardeal da Amazônia” by Padre Modino, CELAM, Vatican News, 30 maio 2022, 09:53; Mensagem da REPAM-Brasil a dom Leonardo Steiner by Rosa M. Martins, REPAM-Brasil, Vatican News, 30 maio 2022, 16:16; Dom Leonardo: “a Amazônia não foi esquecida pelo Papa” by Padre Modino, CELAM, Vatican News, 31 maio 2022, 10:23, with audio; Brasilien: Neuer Kardinal sieht Auszeichnung für ganz Amazonien, Vatican News, 06 Juni 2022, 14:36, with audio; Dom Leonardo Steiner: “Farei todo o esforço para que a voz do Papa ecoe entre nós” by Padre Modino, CELAM, Vatican News, 06 junho 2022, 15:11; Dom Leonardo Steiner o primeiro cardeal da Amazônia! by Marília Siqueira and Silvonei José, Vatican News, 01 julho 2022, 15:13, with audio; Pope appoints first cardinal from Amazon rainforest by Fabiano Maisonnave and Nicole Winfield, AP News, Rio de Janeiro, July 1, 2022; Dom Leonardo Steiner, un cardinale per l’Amazzonia: “Il mio ministero legato allo spirito missionario” by Bruno Desidera, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 2 Agosto 2022; Il Caso/ Nuovo Card. Steiner approva unioni gay: “Chiesa non imponga morale ai non cristiani” by Niccolò Magnani, il Sussidiario.net, 06.09.2022.

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(95) 7. FERRÃO, Filipe Neri António Sebastião di Rosário
(1953-

Birth. January 20, 1953, Aldona, Goa.

Education Initial priestly studies at the Minor Seminary of Our Lady, Saligão-Pilerne, Goa; then, studied philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Seminary of Poona. Obtained the license in Biblical theology at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, (1988) and the license in catechesis and pastoral theology at the International Institute Lumen Vitae in Brussels (1991). He speaks Konkani, English, Portuguese, Italian, French and German.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1979, at St. Thomas Church, Aldona, Goa. Parochial vicar at Salvador do Mundo parish (December 1979 to May 1980); pastoral course at the Pastoral Institute St. Pius X, Old goa, July 1980 to May 1981; assistant pastor at the parish of Chinchinim, Goa, July 1981 to May 1984; prefect and professor at the Minor Seminary Nostra Signora in Saligao-Pilerne (June 1984 to May 1986); first director of the Vocation Commission for Diocesan Clergy, archdiocese of Goa and Daman (1984-1986). Further studies in Rome and Brussels, 1986-1991). Diocesan director of the Center for the apostolate of Lay Apostolate (1991-1994); ecclesiastical advisor of St. Luke’s Medical Guild (1992-1994); convenor of the Team for Transfers of Priests (1992-1997) episcopal vicar of the archdiocese of di Goa, 1992-1997.

Episcopate Elected titular bishop of Vanariona, January 25, 1994 and appointed auxiliary of Goa e Damão. Consecrated, April 10, 1994 at the cathedral of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, at Old Goa, by Raul Nicolas Gonsalves, archbishop of Goa e Damão, patriarch of the East Indies, assisted by Aleixo das Neves Dias, bishop of Port Blair, and by Ferdinand Joseph Fonseca, titular bishop of Aquae in Mauretania. His episcopal motto is Tim sogllim ek zaum --- May they all be one, (John 17.21). In the Episcopal Conference, he has occupied diferent posts: president of Commission of Giustizia, Pace e Sviluppo (1995); president of the Commission for the Lay (1998-2002). On January 16, 2004, he was promoted to the metropolitan see of Goa e Damão with the title patriarch ad honorem of the Oriental Indies, primate of the East and titular archbishop of Cranganore. On January 12, 2019, he was elected president of the Indian Episcopal Conference of Latin Rite (CCBI) during its 31st Plenary Assembly.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria in Via in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in English, Archdiocese of Goa and Daman; Rinuncia e Nomina dell'Arcivescovo di Goa e Damão (India) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 16.01.2004; Ferrao installed Archbishop of Goa and Daman, The Times of India, Mar 21, 2004, 21:46 IST; Erezione della Provincia Ecclesiastica di Goa e Damão (India) e Nomina del Primo Arcivescovo Metropolitano, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 25.11.2006; Filipe Neri Ferrao: After 465 years, archdiocese of Goa gets its first cardinal, The Times of India, Panaji, May 30, 2022, 10:03 IST; Goa, Hydebarad archbishops on Pope Francis's list of new cardinals by Newton Sequeira and U Sudhakar, The Times of India, May 30, 2022, 10:29 IST; Índia. Uma comunidade que escuta: o "roteiro sinodal" da Igreja latina, Vatican News, 08 agosto 2022, 14:51, with audio; After 465 years, Goa receives its first cardinal, Aleteia, 08/21/22; Indian Cardinal’s Elevation Reflects Portuguese Goa’s Contribution to the Catholic Faith by Father Raymond J. de Souza, National Catholic Register, August 29, 2022.

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(96) 8. MCELROY, Robert Walter
(1954-

Birth. February 5, 1954, San Francisco, California, United States of America. One of the five children of Walter and Roberta McElroy. He is the fifth-generation San Franciscan. He grew up in San Mateo county.

Education. After attending Saint Joseph Minor Seminary, he obtained a bachelor's in history at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1975; and master's degree in history at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California in 1976. He completed his ecclesiastical studies at Saint Patrick Seminary in Menlo Park, California (where he earned a M.Div. degree). Later, he obtained the license in theology at the Jesuit School of Theology, Berkeley, California in 1985. Successively, he earned a doctorate in moral theology from the Gregorian University in Rome in 1986 and a doctorate in political sciences from Stanford University in 1989.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 12, 1980, by John Raphael Quinn, archbishop of San Francisco, for the archdiocese of San Francisco. After his priestly ordination he was parochial vicar of Saint Cecilia parish in San Francisco (1980-1982); personal secretary of Archbishop Quinn and cerimoniere (1982-1985); parochial vicar of Saint Pius parish in Redwood City (1989-1995); general vicar (1995-1997); pastor of Saint Gregory parish in San Mateo and archdiocesan consultor (1997-2010). In 1996 he was named prelate of honor of His Holiness.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Gemelle di Bizacena and appointed auxiliary of San Francisco, July 6, 2010. Consecrated, September 7, 2010, at the cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption, by George Hugh Niederauer, archbishop of San Francisco, assisted by John Raphael Quinn, archbishop emeritus of San Francisco and by John Charles Wester, bishop of Salt Lake City. His episcopal motto is Dignitatis Humanae. On March 3, 2015, he was named bishop of San Diego, California. In 2021, he underwent coronary bypass surgery late last year, which, according to the diocese, was successful.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Frumenzio ai Prati Fiscali in that same consistory.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and bioghraphy, in English, Wikipedia; Nomina di Ausiliare di San Francisco (U.S.A.), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 06.07.2010; Much-praised pastor becomes a bishop by Tom Roberts, National Catholic Reporter, Dec 20, 2010; Bishop McElroy: US church is adrift, synodality can renew it by Robert McElroy, National Catholic Reporter, Nov 7, 2019; Nomina del Vescovo di San Diego (U.S.A.), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 03.03.2015; Francis' choice of new Cardinal McElroy an unmistakable sign for US church by Michael Sean Winters, National Catholic Reporter, May 29, 2022; What to Know About Bishop Robert McElroy, Who Will Soon Be a Cardinal by Jonah McKeown, National Catholic Register, May 29, 2022; San Diego bishop among 21 new cardinals by Kathleen N. Hattrup, Aleteia, 05/29/22; The 'message' of McElroy's red hat by JD Flynn, The Pillar, May 29, 2022; Statement of U.S. Bishops’ President Upon the Naming of Bishop Robert McElroy to the College of Cardinals, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops’ (USCCB’s), Washington, May 29, 2022; New Cardinal McElroy: Synodal process requires 'substantive' dialogue by Robert McElroy, National Catholic Reporter, Jun 1, 2022; Reflections on three unlikely cardinals: McElroy, Ramazzini and Rosa Chávez by Tom Roberts, National Catholic Reporter, Jun 2, 2022; All about priorities: Why Pope Francis picked Bishop McElroy by Mike Lewis, Where Peter Is, June 3, 2022, 6 pm EST; McElroy, primer obispo de Estados Unidos que llega a cardenal sin pasar por una archidiócesis o la curia by José Ignacio Rivarés, Ecclesia, 3 jun. 2022 01:51; Contrary to what Oakland's bishop says, Cardinal-designate McElroy abhors abortion by Michael Sean Winters, National Catholic Reporter, Jun 17, 2022; Has Francis ‘insulted’ American Catholics? by Paul Baumann, Commonweal, June 28, 2022; New San Diego cardinal says political divisions are flowing into Church by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Aug 26, 2022, with audio; Cardinal Robert McElroy: Newest (and youngest) American ‘red hat’ a kindred spirit of Pope Francis by Kevin J. Jones and Carl Bunderson, Catholic News Agency, Denver, Colo., Aug 26, 2022 / 12:00 pm; Cardinal McElroy celebrates Mass of Thanksgiving in Rome by Hannah Brockhaus, Catholic News Agency, Rome, Italy, Aug 28, 2022 / 12:26 pm; Cardinal McElroy's elevation has 'enormous significance' for US church by Michael Sean Winters, National Catholic Reporter, Aug 31, 2022; McElroy, tras la cumbre de cardenales: “Praedicate Evangelium no se retocará, se desarrollará” by Mateo González Alonso, Vida Nueva Digital, 07/09/2022.

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(97) 9. SILVA, S.D.B., Virgilio do Carmo da
(1967-

Birth. November 27, 1967, Venilale, diocese of Baucau, East Timor (or Timor-Leste).

Education. After primary and secondary studies with the Salesians Fathers in Fatumaca, he entered the Salesian Society of Saint Giovanni Bosco. He was sent to study philosophy and theology in Manila. He emitted his first profession as a Salesian on May 31, 1990; and the perpetual one on March 19, 1997.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1998. From 1999-2004, formator of novices; from 2004-2005: economous of the House of Formation in Venilale and parochial vicar; 2005-2007: studies in Rome for the license in spirituality at the Pontifical Salesian University; 2007-2014: master of novices; 2009-2014: director of the Salesians' House and of the Don Bosco Tecnnical High School in Fatumaca. In 2015, he was elected provincial of his Salesian province.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Dili, Oriental Timor, January 30, 2016. Consecrated, March 18, 2016, outdoors at Tasi Tolu, Dili, by Joseph Salvador Marino, titular archbishop of Natchitoches, apostolic nuncio to East Timor, assisted by Basilio do Nascimento, bishop of Baucau, and by Norberto Do Amaral, bishop of Maliana. His episcopal motto is Ad Deum Patrem Oomnipotentem. Promoted to the new metropolitan see of Dili, September 11, 2019. He is vice president of the national bishops’ conference.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Alberto Magno in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal of East Timor.

Webgraphy Photograph and Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; Nomina del Vescovo di Dili (Timor Orientale), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 30.01.2016; Pope Francis names new bishop in Timor-Leste by Thomas Ora, UCA News, May 30, 2016 05:50 AM GMT; Terrorist fears spread to Timor-Leste as bishop threatened by Michael Sainsbury, UCA News, May 24, 2018 06:40 AM GMT East Timor cardinal-elect 'almost fainted' when he heard Pope Francis had chosen him by Jonah McKeown, Catholic News Agency, Denver Newsroom, May 31, 2022 / 16:59 pm; Meet the first Cardinal of East Timor by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, 11 August 2022, 06:30; The 1st cardinal for this almost entirely Catholic, young nation, Aleteia, 08/16/22; Cardinal says tiny East Timor, in shadow of Muslim giant, is laboratory of tolerance by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Aug 29, 2022, with audio; First Timorese cardinal receives huge homecoming, UCA News, 06, 2022 04:40 AM GMT.

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(98) 10. CANTONI, Oscar
(1950-

Birth. September 1, 1950, Lenno, province and diocese of Como, Italy. He moved with his family to the nearby village of Tremezzo at the age of eight.

Education. After having frequented the Liceo Classico at Collegio Gallio of Como of the Somaschan Fathers and obtained the maturity, he entered the Seminary of Como to start the courses of theology which he completed brilliantly. He collaborated with the Riviste di spiritualità, in which he published articles about vocations. He also published several books for the youth. He has no academic degrees, but has always continued to keep up to date in the cultural field.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1975, in the cathedral of Como, by Teresio Ferraroni, bishop of Como. During his priestly ministry he was from 1985 to 1986 responsible at the seminary of the vocational animation; collaborator in the parish of S. Maria Regina a Como; chaplain of the Sisters at Collegio S. Chiara in Muggiò; from 1986 to 1999, he was director of the Vocational Diocesan Center and professor of religion in the secondary schools of Como; from 1990 to 2005, he was spritual director of the theological students in the Diocesan Seminary; preacher of spiritual exercises to priests and founder in the diocese of the Ordo Virginum, an association of consecrated virgins restored by the Second Vatican Council, which contributed to the birth and development of the diocese of Como. On July 11, 2000, he was named prelate of honor of His Holiness. From 2003 to 2005, he was episcopal vicar for the clergy of Como.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Crema, January 25, 2005. Consecrated, March 5, 2005, at the cathedral of Como, by Alessandro Maggiolini, bishop of Como, assisted by Tersio Ferraroni, bishop emeritus of Como, and by Paolo Romeo, titular archbishop of Vulturia, apostolic nuncio to Italy. His episcopal moto is Fare di Cristo il Cuore del Mondo. On November 21, 2010 he received the insignia of grand officer of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre and was appointed the grand prior of the lieutenancy for Northern Italy by decree of Cardinal John Patrick Foley, grand master of the order. Transferred to the see of Como, October 4, 2016; he took possession of the see the following November 27. He is delegate for the vocational pastoral and the seminaries of the Lombardian Episcopal Conference. On August 31, 2017, during the celebrations for the solemnity of Sant'Abbondio, he announced the celebration of the eleventh diocesan synod of Como, entitled "Witnesses and heralds of God's mercy"; after having inaugurated it, on January 12, 2020, he presided over the concluding Eucharistic celebration on June 4, 2022. He has drawn criticism for his role in a pre-seminary sponsored by the Como diocese, previously located on Vatican grounds until it was moved by Pope Francis, in which abuse allegedly occurred. He was summoned to testify before a Vatican tribunal in February 2021 in the case, among other things about his role in ordaining one of the alleged (but eventually acquitted) abuser to the priesthood. The court found that while there was clearly a sexualized atmosphere in the pre-seminary, it wasn’t proven the behavior at issue constituted abuse. For his part, he conceded that he had received negative reports about the future priest between 2006 and 2012, but he described them merely as evidence of a “transitory homosexual tendency linked to adolescence.” On July 13, 2022, the Holy Father named him member of the Dicastery for Bishops. He is commendatore with plaque, of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem; and grand prior for northern Italy of the same order.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria «Regina Pacis» a Monte Verde in that same consistory.

Bibliography. He has published: Ragazzi nuovi per un mondo nuovo. Proposta di catechesi per l'anno di iniziazione alla cresima. Schede per il ragazzo, Brescia, Queriniana, 1974; La tua vita. Sussidio vocazionale per ragazzi, Bologna, Dehoniane, 1981; Grida la tua speranza. Lettere ai giovani, Milano, Àncora, 1985; ... E brillerà la tua luce. Strumento di lavoro per i giovani che chiedono la direzione spirituale, Milano, Àncora, 1990; Il volume è giunto alla 4ª edizione: E brillerà la tua luce. Direzione spirituale. Guida per i giovani, Milano, Àncora, 2000; La direzione spirituale in vista dell'orientamento vocazionale, Como, Diocesi di Como, 1996; Direzione spirituale e accompagnamento vocazionale. Teologia e scienze umane a servizio della vocazione (con Dino Bottino e altri), Milano, Àncora, 1996; Direzione spirituale, maturità umana e vocazione (a cura del Centro Nazionale Vocazioni), Milano, Àncora, 1997; Sentieri di gioia (in appendice: "Discorso di Giovanni Paolo II ai giovani"), Milano, Àncora, 1998; Diventare padri nello Spirito. La formazione delle guide spirituali (a cura del Centro Nazionale Vocazioni), Milano, Àncora, 1999; Il discernimento spirituale (con Marko Ivan Rupnik e altri), in Credere oggi. Dossier di orientamento e aggiornamento teologico, n. 1, vol. 22 (gennaio-febbraio 2002), pp. 3–140; Come luce d'aurora... Un cammino di fede per diventare cristiani, Cinisello Balsamo, Edizioni San Paolo, 2003; Fare di Cristo il cuore del mondo. Per una comunione di intenti, Crema, Diocesi di Crema, 2005 (lettera d'ingresso in diocesi, pubblicata come supplemento al settimanale Il Nuovo Torrazzo del 24 settembre 2005); Ti scrivo da amico. Lettera a chi cerca..., Crema, Centro Editoriale Cremasco, 2007; La maturazione della risposta vocazionale al celibato nella formazione seminaristica, in Roberto Balletta e Andrea Mardegan (a cura di), Sacerdozio e celibato nella Chiesa, Milano, Centro Ambrosiano, 2007.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Nomina del Vescovo di Crema (Italia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 25.01.2005; Intercettati solo col il Permesso del Vescovo. Il DDL del Governo mette al Sicuro Preti e Religiosi, Adista, Archivio anno 2010, Lun 06 ottobre 2014; Rinuncia del Vescovo di Como (Italia) e nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 04.10.2016; Nomina di Membri del Dicastero per i Vescovi, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 13.07.2022; photograph and biographical data, in Italian, Chiesa Cattolica Italiano, Sito ufficiale della Conferenza Episcopale Italiana; Un incredibile mons. Delpini a gamba tesa per il cardinalato a Cantoni, suo suffraganeo. #severomagiusto, Messa in Latino, giovedì 1 settembre 2022, with video; Il Cardinale Cantoni voleva “salvare” il pedofilo Inzoli, Silere non possum, venerdì 02 settembre 2022; Monsignor Cantoni è tra i cardinali nominati da Papa Francesco: “Non fece dimettere don Mauro Inzoli condannato per pedofilia”, il Fatto Quotidiano.it, 5 Settembre 2022; Vaticano, documenti top secret sollevano dubbi sulla porpora del neo cardinale di Como, diede protezione a un prete pedofilo by Franca Giansoldati, Il Messaggero, Il Sismografo, martedì 6 settembre 2022; Diario italiano plantea graves cuestionamientos a nuevo Cardenal by Walter Sánchez Silva, ACI Prensa, 8 de setiembre de 2022 12:09 pm.

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(99) 11. POOLA, Anthony
(1961-

Birth. November 15, 1961, in the village of Chindhukur, diocese of Nellore (now diocese of Kurnool), federal state of Andhra Pradesh, in the central-oriental part of the Republic of India. From a Catholic family of Telugu etnia that belonged to the Dalit social group, the most disadvantaged in the Indian cast system. He is one of the six children of P. C. Anthony and Arogyamma Poola. He was baptized on November 20, in the Holy Family church of Poluru.

Education. In 1967, he began his primary education in the Zillah Parished of his native village, and then continued from 1972 at the Z.P.H. School in Gadivemula, where he remained until 1975. He moved to Kurnool in 1977, first attending high school at St. Mary's School until 1979 and then the minor seminary, where he obtained his diploma in 1980; the same year he began his bachelor's degree studies at Coles Memorial College, continuing his high school studies from 1982 at S.T.B.C. College, where he earned his Bachelor of Commerce degree in Economics in 1985. Feeling maturing his vocation to the priesthood, shortly afterwards he began a one-year orientation course at St. Paul's Seminary in Nuzvid, and then moved in 1986 to St. Peter's Pontifical Seminary in Bangalore, where he obtained a doctorate in philosophy the following year; after a brief period of study at St. Joseph's Junior College in Kadapa, where he remained from 1987 to 1988, he returned to the seminary in Bangalore, earning a Bachelor of Theology, after four years. He speaks Telugu, a language spoken by more than 75 million people, especially in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 20, 1992, St. Mary's cathedral a Kadapa, incardinated in the diocese of Cuddapah. After his priestly ordination, from 1992-1993: he was parochial vicar in St. Mary’s cathedral; from 1993-1994: parochial vicar in Amagampalli; from 1994-2001: pastor of several parishes; 1994-1995 in Tekurpet; 1995-2000 in Badvel; 2000-2001 in Veerapalli. In 2001, he moved to the United States of America where he spent a year in Kalamazoo to study clinical pastoral education (CPE) in the pastoral and education department of Bronson Methodist Hospital, while serving in St. Joseph's Catholic Church; in 2002, he moved to Chicago to attend the Religion and Theological Commitment course at Loyola University, earning a master's degree and working in St. Genevieve Catholic church. Returning to India in 2003, in the diocese of Cuddapah he was appointed consultor, secretary for education, vice-administrator of schools and coordinator of the Sponsorship Program; he also became coordinator of the Christian Foundation for Children and Aging, being promoted to director in 2004. He held these positions until his promotion to the episcopate. A native speaker of Telugu, he can speak and write in Hindi and know Tamil and Kannada. Passionate about music, he also wrote the lyrics of the following songs in his native language: "Sneha Sravanthi", "Divya Kanthi" Saraagam, "Jeevanaraagam" Nene Neevai, "Amrutha Varshini".

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Kurnool, February 8, 2008. Consecrated, April 19, 2008, on the grounds of JMJ College, by Marampudi Joji, archbishop of Hyderabad assisted by Kagithapu Mariadas, archbishop of Visakhapatnam, and by Gali Bali, bishop of Guntur; he took possession of the diocese on that same day in the Our Lady of Lourdes cathedral. His episcopal motto is Good news to the poor. In the Telugu Catholic Bishops Conference (TCBC), in 2008, he was elected president of the Commission for Young People and the Commission for backward castes, concluding these mandates in 2015; and of the Society of Social Services of Andhra Pradesh, until to 2020. In 2014 he was then elected general secretary, treasurer and secretary of the priestly community of TCBC itself, president of the Sikh Village Campus and president of the Jeevan in-state Printing Press, concluding all these offices in 2020. On November 19, 2020, he was promoted to the metropolitan see of Hyderabad; he took possession of the archdiocese during a ceremony held in St. Joseph's cathedral on January 3, 2021. On June 29, 2021, the day of the solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul, he went to St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, where the pontiff handed over the pallium, a symbol of communion between the pomtiff and the metropolitan, which was imposed on him in a subsequent celebration in his archdiocse.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Ss. Protomartiri a Via Aurelia Antica in that same consistory. He is the first Dalit — member of the “untouchable” caste — cardinal (1). He will represent one of the poorest regions of the subcontinent.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Nomina del Vescovo do Kurnool (India), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 08.02.2008; Rinuncia e nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Hyderabad (India), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 19.11.2020; photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Proud moment for Telugu Catholic Church: Archbishop Poola Anthony by U Sudhakar Reddy, The Times of India, May 30, 2022, 05:00 IST Hyderabad Archbishop Anthony Poola to be first Dalit Cardinal, The News Minute, Monday, May 30, 2022 - 09:31; Goa, Hydebarad archbishops on Pope Francis's list of new cardinals by Newton Sequeira and U Sudhakar, The Times of India, May 30, 2022, 10:29 IST; India’s first Dalit cardinal says Pope showing concern for ‘poorest of the poor’ by Inés San Martín, Crux, Jun 1, 2022, with audio; From ‘Untouchable’ to Cardinal: Archbishop Anthony Poola Embodies Pope’s ‘Call to Reach Out to the Peripheries’ by Anto Akkara, National Catholic Register, Bangalore, India, June 2, 2022; Arcebispo Anthony Poola, o primeiro Dalit entre os novos cardeais, Vatican News, 02 junho 2022, 10:31, with audio; First Dalit Cardinal: My mission, help as many poor children as possible by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, 08 June 2022, 07:00; Meet the first “untouchable” cardinal: Anthony Poola was born a Dalit in India, Aleteia, 06/11/22; India: First Dalit cardinal chosen, Independent Catholic News, Aug 22nd, 2022; New Dalit cardinal wants to be ‘missionary of compassion’ by Elise Ann Allen, Crux, Rome, Aug 27, 2022, with audio.

(1) Derived from Sanskrit, the word “Dalit” means "broken" or “downtrodden,” and refers to those so low in ‎social status ‎that they are considered outcasts or outside the four-tier caste system of Hindu society. Often referred to as “untouchables,” these people have been greatly exploited and subject to atrocities. Dalits make up around 25 percent of the total population in India. However, they are roughly 50-75 percent of all Christians in India, and between 60-75 percent of Catholics.

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(100) 12. COSTA, Paulo Cezar
(1967-

Birth. July 20, 1967, Valença, diocese of Valença, Brazil. Son of Geraldo Manoel da Costa Amaral and Maria Alice Miranda Amaral.

Education. Studied philosophy at the Seminary Nossa Senhora do Amor Divino in Petrópolis and theology at the Superior Institute of Theology of the metropolitan archdiocese of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro. Later, he obtained the license and the doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. From 1996 to 2001 he did master's studies and defended the dissertation Monarquia e Trias em Dionísio de Roma e Dionísio de Alexandria. In 1998, he started his doctorate and defended the thesis Salvatoris Disciplina. Dionisio de Roma e a Regula Fidei no debate teológico do terceiro século.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 5, 1992, at the cathedral Nossa Senhora da Glória, by Elias James Manning, O.F.M. Conv., bishop of Valença, incardinated in the diocese of Valença. During his priestly minister he was parochial vicar in Paraíba do Sul (1993); pastor of the parish of São Sebastião dos Ferreiros in Vassouras (1994-1996); pastor of the parish of Santa Rosa de Lima in Valença (2001-2006); director and professor of the Department of Theology of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (2007-2010); rector of the Interdiocesan Seminary Paulo VI and director of the Institute of Philoophy and Theology Paulo VI in Nova Iguaçu (2006-2010).

Episcopate. On November 24, 2010 he was named titular bishop of Esco and appointed auxiliary of the metropolitan archdiocese of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro. Consecrated, February 5, 2011, at the cathedral of São Sebastião, Rio de Janeiro, by Orani João Tempesta, O.Cist., archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, assisted by Elias James Manning, bishop of Valença, and by Karl Josef Romer, titular bishop of Columnata. His episcopal motto is Omnia Sustineo Propter Electos. In the archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro, he held the following positions: general vicar; animator of the Suburban Episcopal Vicariate; of the Administration; Legal Sector, Attorney's Office; missions; Higher Institute of Canon Law; university pastoral; Science and Faith Academy; Dom Eugênio de Araújo Sales Cultural Center; Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Archdiocese; Students Abroad; member of the University Council of PUC-Rio and Fundação Maintainer Padre Anchieta. Professor at the São José Archdiocesan Seminary and at PUC-Rio. On June 25, 2011, he was named of the Episcopal Pastoral Commission for the Doctrine of the Faith of the CNBB. On June 22, 2016, he was named bishop of São Carlos; took possession of the diocese on the following August 6. In the Brazilian Episcopal Conference he has been member of the Permanent Council and of the Episcopal Commission for Culture and Education. On April 20, 2020, he was named member of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. On October 21, 2020, he was promoted to the metropolitan see of Brasília.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio in that same consistory. He will take possession of his title on Fiday October 7, 2022, at 7:30 p.m.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, atms and biography, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; Nomina di Ausiliari dell'Arcidiocesi di São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro (Brasile), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 24.11.2010; Divulgados os nomes dos eleitos para as Comissões Episcopais Pastorais da CNBB, Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (CNBB), Dom, 26 de Junho de 2011 23:06; Nomina del Vescovo di São Carlos (Brasile), Rinunce e nomine, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 22.06.2016; Papa nomeia Bispo para a Diocese de São Carlos, Diocese de São Carlos, jun 22, 2016; Nomina di Membri della Pontificia Commissione per l’America Latina, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 20.04.2020; Saudação do Regional Sul 1 – CNBB a Dom Paulo Cezar Costa , by Sidney Prado, Diocese de São Carlos, abr 22, 2020; Papa Francisco Nomeia Dom Paulo Cezar Costa Como Novo Arcebispo de Brasília by Sidney Prado, Diocese de São Carlos, out 21, 2020; Anunciados novos bispos para Brasília (DF) e Barreiras (BA), Notícias, 21 de outubro de 2020, 9h04; Dom Paulo Cezar Costa é o novo arcebispo de Brasília, Vatican News, 21 outubro 2020, 12:01; Presidência da CNBB saúda dom Leonardo Steiner e dom Paulo Cezar Costa, anunciados pelo Papa como novos cardeais do Brasil, Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil (CNBB), 29/05/2022; Arquidiocese de Brasília quer combater a pobreza e lança projeto Partilha by Silvonei José, Vatican News, 16 agosto 2022, 09:28, with audio; Nuovi cardinali. Cezar Costa (Brasile): “Desidero essere un servitore del popolo di Dio” by Bruno Desidera, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 26 Agosto 2022.

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(101) 13. BAAWOBR, M.Afr., Richard Kuuia
(1959-

Birth. June 21, 1959, Tom-Zendagangn, diocese of Wa, Ghana.

Education. He frequented the elementary school of his village and continued his studies at St. Francis Xavier Minor Seminary and at Nandom Secondary School. In 1979, he entered the diocesan St. Victor Major Seminary in Tamale; after his philosophy studies, in 1981 he joined the Society of the Missionaries of Africa (M.Afr.), where he continued his studies to prepare for the priesthood. From 1981 to 1982 did his novitiate in Fribourg, Switzerland. Successively, from 1982 to 1987, he completed the theological studies at the Missionary Institute London (MIL). On December 5, 1986, he emitted his religious vows at St. Edward’s College of London.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 18, 1987. From 1987-1991: he was parochial vicar in Livulu, archdiocese of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; 1991-1996: studied exegesis at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, and Ignatian spirituality at Le Chatelard in Lyon, France, where he obtained a license in Sacred Scriptures and a doctorate in Biblical Theology; 1996-1999: formator of the Missionaries of Africa in Kahangala, Tanzania; 1999-2004: director of the house of formation of Toulouse, France; 2004-2010: first general assistant of the Missionaries of Africa. From 2010 to 2016: superior general of the Missionaries of Africa (first African to occupy that charge); vice grand chancellor of the Pontifical Institute of Arabic-Islamic Studies (PISAI). He was chosen by the Union of Superiors General to participate in the Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the Family, October 4 to 25, 2015.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Wa, February 17, 2016. Consecrated, May 7, 2016, at Wa Sports Stadium, Wa, by Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson, president of the Pontifical Council “Iustitia et Pax”, assisted by Philip Naameh, archbishop of Tamale, and by Jean-Marie Antoine Joseph Speich, titular archbishop of Sulci, apostolic nuncio to Ghana. On July 4, 2020, he was named member and consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. On July 30, 2022, he was elected president of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (SECAM).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria Immacolata di Lourdes a Boccea in that same consistory. He was absent in the consistory in St. Peter's after an illness contracted on arrival in Rome.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Rinuncia del Vescovo di Wa (Ghana) e nomina del successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 17.02.2016; Most Rev. Richard Kuuia Baawobr, M.Afr Donates PPEs and Basic Items to the WA Catholic Diocesan Health Directorate and Health Facilities, teppcon, May 19, 2020; Appointment of Bishop Richard Kuuia Baawobr, Pontificio Istituto di Studi Arabi e d'Islamistica, July 4, 2020; Profile Of Bishop Richard Kuuia Baawobr, Ghana’s New Cardinal From Wa, Ghana News, May 30, 2022; Afrique: Mgr Baawobr élu président du SCEAM, Vatican News, 30 juillet 2022, 22:10; Ghanaian Cardinal-designate to Head Symposium of Catholic Bishops in Africa and Madagascar by Jude Atemanke, ACI Africa, Accra, 30 July, 2022 / 10:05 pm; New leader of African bishops conference says ‘greatness is service’ by Courtney Mares, Catholic News Agency, Rome Newsroom, Aug 6, 2022 / 05:00 am; Hospitalizan a nuevo cardenal elector y no pudo asistir al consistorio by Diego López Marina, ACI Prensa, 27 de agosto de 2022 3:12 pm; New cardinal from Ghana to undergo heart surgery in Rome by Courtney Mares, Catholic News Agency, Rome Newsroom, Aug 31, 2022 / 08:08 am; Ghana’s Cardinal to undergo heart surgery, GhanaWeb, Friday, 2 September 2022.

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(102) 14. GOH SENG CHYE, William
(1957-

Birth. June 25, 1957, Singapore. From an ethnic Chinese family.

Education. He frequented the Montfort Secondary School, where he obtained the diploma of high school. He completed his philosophical studies at the Major Seminary of Penang (College General), Malaysia, and the theological studies at the Major Seminary of Singapore. He is a fluent Mandarin speaker.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 1, 1985, for the archdiocese of Singapore. From 1985-1990: he was parochial vicar of Holy Cross, in Singapore; from 1990-1992: he studied for the license in theology at the Gregorian University, Rome; from 1992-1993: he was pastor of St. Anne, Singapore; from 1992-2005: he was professor and formator at the Major Seminary of Singapore; from 2005: he was rector of the Major Seminary of Singapore. He was member of the presbyteral senate, member of the college of consultors, member of the diocesan council for the promotion of vocations and spiritual director of the Catholic Center of Spirituality of the archdiocese.

Episcopate Elected archbishop coadjutor of Singapore, December 29, 2012. Consecrated, Singapore Expo, by Leopoldo Girelli, titular archbishop of Capri, apostolic nuncio to Singapore, assisted by Nicholas Chia Yeck Joo, archbishop of Singapore, and by Murphy Nicholas Xavier Pakiam, archbishop of Kuala Lumpur. His episcopal motto is Ut Vivant. His consecration was attended by the president of the Republic of Singapore, Tony Tan Keng Yam, the deputy prime minister Teo Chee Hean, the chief justice of Singapore Sundaresh Menon, state dignitaries, twenty bishops, more than 170 priests and an estimated 14,000 Roman Catholics, together with representatives of the major religions in Singapore. On May 20, 2013, he succeeded to the see of Singapore. He prioritizes pastoral outreach to migrants. On April 1, 2015, he was appointed a member of the Presidential Council for Minority Rights.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria «Regina Pacis» in Ostia mare in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal of Singapore.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press, Office; arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Coadiutore di Singapore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 29.12.2012; Rinuncia e Successione dell'Arcivescovo di Singapore (Singapore), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 20.05.2013; Bio of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Singapore, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Singapore; Singapur: Kardinal gründet interreligiöses Forschungsinstitut, Vatican News, 30 August 2022, 16:01; William Goh, Singapore’s first cardinal by Steve Suwannarat, AsiaNews, 05/30/2022, 16.38; Meet the soon-to-be first Cardinal of Singapore by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, 04 July 2022, 07:00, with audio; Singapur: Neuer Kardinal will Frieden fördern, Vatican News, 10 September 2022, 12:24.

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(103) 15. MARTÍNEZ FLORES, Adalberto
(1951-

Birth. July 8, 1951, Asunción, Paraguay. He is the second of the four children of Aurelio Martínez Barúa and Esmeralda Flores Eisenhut.

Education. He studied economics at the National University of Asunción for three years and then studied advanced English in Washington, D.C., and then philosophy at Oblate College there. In 1977, he moved to Frascati, Italy, to study at the International School for Priests of the Focolare Movement. He completed his studies in philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, from 1977 to 1981.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 24, 1985, by Seán Patrick O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap., bishop coadjutor of St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. From 1985 to 1994, pastoral ministry first on St. Croix and then in St.Thomas. He was incardinated in the archdiocese of Asunción in 1994 and was pastor of the parish of Los Sagrados Corazones de Jesús y María from 1994 al 1997.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tatilti and named auxiliry of Asunción August 14, 1997. Consecrated, November 8, 1997, Asunción metropolitan cathedral, by Felipe Santiago Benitez Avalos, archbishop of Asunción, assisted by Sean Patrick O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Fall River, and by Elliott Griffin Thomas, bishop of Saint Thomas. His episcopal motto is Ut omnes unum sint. On May 18, 2000, he was elected first bishop of the new diocese of San Lorenzo. On February 19, 2007, he was transferred to the diocese of San Pedro. On March 14, 2012, he was named Military Ordinary of Paraguay. On June 23, 2018, he was named bishop of Villarrica del Espíritu Santo and named apostolic administrator of the Military Ordinariate of Paraguay. In November 2018, hè was elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Paraguay and reelected in November 2021 for another triennium. On February 17, 2022, he was promoted to the metropolitan see of Asuncióm. He is the 7th archbishop of Asunción.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal from Paraguay.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; Nomina del vescovo Ordinario Militare per il Paraguay, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 14.03.2012; Nomina del Vescovo di Villarrica del Espíritu Santo (Paraguay), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 23.06.2018; Rinuncia e Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Asunción (Paraguay), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 17.02.2022; Monseñor Adalberto Martínez se reunió con sectores de la sociedad en Fernando de la Mora, La Nación, 1 de junio de 2022 13:40; Fernando de la Mora declara ciudadano Ilustre al monseñor Adalberto Martínez, La Nación, 1 de junio de 2022 19:51; Arzobispado presentó oficialmente al primer cardenal del Paraguay, La Nación, 3 de junio de 2022 15:42; Investidura de Cardenal exige mayor servicio de la Iglesia, dice Adalberto Mmartinez, abc.com.py, 03 de Junio de 2022 - 17.00; Iglesia gestiona cubrir las diócesis vacantes y crear más arzobispados, ultimahora.com, 04 de junio de 2022; Martínez Flores: El Papa cumplió una promesa que todo Paraguay esperaba by Alina Tufani Díaz, Vatican News, 04 junio 2022, 10:45, with audio; Monseñor Adalberto Martínez, primer cardenal del Paraguay, es hijo dilecto de Asunción, La Nación, 8 de junio de 2022 18:38; “Se necesita de una Iglesia que entusiasme con testimonio de vida by Carolina Vanni, La Nación, 19 de junio de 2022 0:05; Futuro cardenal paraguayo aboga por trabajo conjunto contra crimen organizado by Saira Baruja, EFE, swissinfo.ch, 19 junio 2022 - 14:08; El arzobispo de Asunción cancela por "aislamiento preventivo" su viaje a Roma, swissinfo.ch, EFE, Asunción, 22 junio 2022 - 17:37; Futuro cardenal paraguayo llama a una cruzada por el saneamiento moral, Hoy, 8 de julio de 2022 15:08; 1st Paraguayan cardinal: A fascinating history linked to Boston’s archbishop, Aleteia, 08/13/22; Obispo alerta que la corrupción y el crimen organizado amenazan a Paraguay, El País, EFE, martes, 16 agosto 2022 04:00; Paraguay. Il neo cardinale Martínez Flores: “Al servizio della comunione nella Chiesa e del dialogo per la pace sociale” by Bruno Desidera, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 23 Agosto 2022; Cardenal Martínez denuncia desaparición de niños y adolescentes en Paraguay, swissinfo.ch, EFE, Asunción, 04 septiembre 2022 - 16:49.

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(104) 16. MARENGO, I.M.C., Giorgio
(1974-

Birth. June 7, 1974, in Cuneo, Italy.

Education. He was part of the scouts, practiced fencing and graduated at a classical lyceum. From 1993 to 1995, he studied philosophy at the Theological Faculty of Northern Italy. From 1995 to 1998, he studied theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome. From 2000 to 2006, he completed further studies at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, obtaining the license and the doctorate in missionology. On June 24, 2000, he emmited the perpetual profession as member of the Institute of Consolata Missionaries (I.M.C.).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 26, 2001. Pastoral work in Arvajhėėr, Mongolia (2000-2003); from 2003: he was assigned to the Mission in Mongolia (he was the first missionary of the I.M.C. in Mongolia); from 2016: regional counselor of Asia, superior for Mongolia and pastor of Arvajhėėr. He has been an exorcist for more than 20 years.

Episcopate On April 2, 2020, he was named apostolic prefect of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, with episcopal character and the titular see of Castra Severiana. Consecrated, August 8, 2020, shrine of La Consolate, Turin, by Cardinal Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, assisted by Cesare Nosiglia, archbishop of Turin, and by Cardinal Severino Poletto, archbishop emeritus of Turin. His episcopal motto is Respicite ad eum et illuminamini.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Giuda Taddeo Apostolo in that same consistory. He is the first cardinal of his religious institute and of Mongolia, which has fewer than 1,500 Catholics.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photographs and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Nomina del Prefetto Apostolico di Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 02.04.2020; Padre Marengo e il sussurro del Vangelo in Mongolia by Benedetta Capelli, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 08 agosto 2020, 08:00, with audio; Asia/Mongolia - The Apostolic Prefect Marengo, appointed Cardinal: "That of the Pope is a missionary gesture", Agenzia Fides, Rome, Monday, 30 May 2022; Marengo tra i futuri cardinali: un servizio che vivrò con gioia, umiltà e in dialogo by Gabriella Ceraso, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 30 maggio 2022, 08:00, with audio; Le préfet apostolique d’Oulan-Bator parmi les futurs cardinaux by Gabriella Ceraso, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 30 mai 2022, 16:46; Non solo Marengo, i Cardinali più giovani da Pio XII a oggi by Marco Mancini, ACI Stampa, Città del Vaticano, 02 giugno, 2022 / 2:00 PM; Misionero en Mongolia será el Cardenal más joven del mundo, ACI Prensa, 3 de junio de 2022 - 2:24 PM; Le vie che portano a Pechino e il cardinale della Mongolia. Una visione geopolitica da fonti russe vicine al Cremlino, Il Sismografo, domenica 5 giugno 2022; Laggiù nella steppa c’è un cardinale. Intervista a Giorgio Marengo by Annachiara Sacchi, la Lettura, Corriere della Sera, Il Sismografo, domenica 26 giugno 2022; The youngest new cardinal of the Church has been an exorcist for more than 20 years by Francisco Veneto, Aleteia, 07/21/22; Giorgio Marengo: «Lo más importante es la fidelidad al Señor», by Federico Piana, Omnes, 23 de julio de 2022; Giorgio Marengo, a cardinal and exorcist in Ulan-Bator by Vladimir Rozanskij, AsiaNews.it, Moscow, 07/25/2022, 10.03; Nuovi cardinali. Marengo: “Nomina che porta la Mongolia nel cuore della Chiesa” by Filippo Passantino, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 26 Agosto 2022; Mongolia's Cardinal Marengo: Pope's visit to Kazakhstan 'a step toward reconciliation' by Deborah Castellano Lubov, Vatican News, Nur-Sultan, 13 September 2022, 05:30, with audio.

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(105) 17. JIMÉNEZ CARVAJAL, C.J.M., Jorge Enrique
(1942-

Birth. Sunday March 29, 1942, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Education. After completing his primary and secondary education, he obtained a bachelor's degree from the Minor Diocesan Seminary of Floridablanca. He studied philosophy at the Javeriana Pontifical University, Bogotá, where he obtained a bachelor's degree; then, he studied theology at the Major Seminary of Valmaría of the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (Eudists) in Bogotá; and social sciences at the Latin American Institute of Social Studies in Santiago de Chile, where he earned a doctorate. In 1959 he joined the Congregation of Jesus and Mary and did his solemn profession and took his vows on May 17, 1964.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 17, 1967, in Bucamaranga, by Héctor Rueda Hernández, archbishop of Bucaramanga. Obtained the license in philosophy at the Javeriana Pontifical University, Bogotá. Started his ministry as professor of the Major Seminary of Santa Rosa de Osos; formator at the Eudista Seminary of Valmaría in Bogotá; responsible of the charitable section of the Eudista community of "El minuto de Dios" in Bogotá,; director of studies of the Instituto Teológico-Pastoral del CELAM in Medellín; provincial superior of his congregation in Colombia; from 1989 to 1991, he was secretary of the Latin American Confederation of Religious.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Zipaquirá, November 9, 1992. Consecrated, Saturday December 12, 1992, at the cathedral of Zipaquira, by Cardinal Mario Revollo Bravo, archbishop of Bogotá, assisted by Paolo Romeo, titular archbishop of Vulturia, apostolic nuncio to Colombia, and by Juan Francisco Sarasti Jaramillo, C.J.M., bishop of Barrancabermeja. From 1995 to 1999 he was secretary general of the Consejo Episcopal Latinoamericano (CELAM) and from 1999 to 2003, its president. On November 12, 2002, he was kidnapped by six suspected guerrillas from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, the country's largest rebel group; Father Desiderio Orjuela was kidnapped and release with the bishop. He has been member of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral of Health Care Workers and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. On February 6, 2004 he was named coadjutor archbishop of Cartagena; took possession on the following April 15. On Monday October 24, 2005, he was named archbishop of Cartagena; installed, November 4, 2005; occupied the post until March 25, 2021; apostolic administrator of Cartagena until the following May 22.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Dorotea in that same consistory. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave. He is the first cardinal of the Congregation of Jesus and Mary.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Spanish, Arquidiócesis de Cartagena; photograph and bopgraphy, in Spanish, Conferencia Episcopal de Colombia; Nomina di Consigliere della Pontificia Commission per l'America Latina, Sala Stampa dela Santa Sede, 15.05.2001; Nomina di Membri della X Assemblea Generale Ordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi, Sala Stampa dela Santa Sede, 24.08.2001; Comunicato: Incontro sul "Futuro dei Cristiani in Terra Santa" (Città del Vaticano, 13 Dicembre 2001). Elenco dei Participanti, 10.12.2001; Colombia Bishop Abducted, The New York Times, Nov. 12, 2002; Kidnapped Bishop Is Rescued in Colombia, The New York Times, Reuters, Nov. 16, 2002; Nomina dell'Arcivescovo Coadiutore di Cartagena (Colombia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 06.02.2004; Rinuncia dell'Arcivescovo di Cartagena (Colombia), Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 24.10.2005; Nomine nell'Ambito della Seconda Assemblea Speciale per l'Africa del Sinodo dei Vescovi, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 23.09.2009; Monseñor Jorge Enrique Jiménez: “Eso de ser cardenal no me lo esperaba” by Javier A. Ramos Zambrano, El Universal, 05 de junio de 2022 12:00 AM.

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(107) 18. MIGLIO, Arrigo
(1942-

Birth. July 18, 1942, San Giorgio Canavese, diocese of Ivrea, province of Turin, Italy.

Eduacation. After his studies at the Seminary of Ivrea and the preparatory year at the Seminary of Turin, he frequented the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome and the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome, obtaining licenses in theology and Sacred Scriptures.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 23, 1967, parish church of Santa Maria Assunta in San Giorgio Canavese, by Luigi Bettazzi, bishop of Ivrea. He was parish vicar, then parish priest in Ivrea; he was director "Casa dell’Ospitalità" in the same center, and the Alpine "Gino Pistoni" in Gressoney-St. Jean. In 1980 he held the position of vicar for pastoral care and from 1981 to 1992 that of vicar general of Ivrea, during the episcopate of Bishop Bettazzi. He was also a professor of Sacred Scriptures at the Theological Faculty of Northern Italy, National Deputy Assistant of the Scouts and General Assistant of AGESCI, Ecclesiastical Assistant of the Secular Institute of the Missionaries of Infinite Love.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Iglesias, March 25, 1992. Consecrated, April 25, 1992, at the cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, Ivrea, by Luigi Bettazzi, bishop of Ivrea, assisted by Ottorino Pietro Alberti, archbishop of Cagliari, and by Giovanni Cogoni, bishop emeritus of Iglesias. His episcopal motto is Gaudium vestrum impleatur. Transferred to the see of Ivrea, February 20, 1999. Secretary of the Piedmontese Episcopal Conference and president of the Scientific and Organiztional Committee of the Social Weeks of the Italian Catholics. On February 25, 2012, he was promoted to the metropolitan see of Cagliari; took possession of the see on the following April 18; he was aposrolic administrator of Ivrea yntil the taking of possession of his succesor, Bishop Edoardo Aldo Cerrato, on the following October 7. On June 29, 2012 he received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI in St. Peter's basilica in the Vatican. On September 3, 2012 he was elected president of the Sardinian Bishops' Conference. On July 18, 2017, at the age of 75, he submitted his resignation to the pastoral government of the archdiocese due to having reached the age limit; in September the apostolic nunciature in Italy communicated to him the decision of Pope Francis to confirm him for another two years at the head of the archdiocese. On November 16, 2019, the pope accepts his resignation; he was succeeded by Giuseppe Baturi, of the clergy of Catania, until yhrn undersecretary of the Italian Episcopal Conference. He remained as apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until the possession of his successor, which took place on the following January 5 2020. He was decorated Gran Priore for Italy Sardinia and Knight Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem; and Gran Priore for Italya Sardinia and Grand Knight of Grand Cross of Ecclesiastical Grace of the Sacred Military Order Costantiniano di San Giorgio (House of Borbon-Two Sicilies).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Clemente in that same consistory. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Per Natale un’altra visita in miniera del vescovo di Iglesias Arrigo Miglio, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 19 Dicembre 1995 @ 15:41; Rinuncia dell'Arcivescovo Metropolita di Cagliari (Italia) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 25.02.2012; Comunicato della curia diocesana, Chiesa di Cagliari, 26 Settembre 2017; I Vescovi di Cagliari, Cattedrale di Cagliari; Nuovi cardinali italiani: mons. Mura (vescovi sardi), “profonda gratitudine a Papa Francesco” per scelta di mons. Miglio, Servizio Informazione Religiosa, 29 Maggio 2022 @ 16:30; Nuovi cardinali, Miglio: la porpora come servizio e impegno nel sociale by Fabio Colagrande, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 13 giugno 2022, 08:20, with audio.

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(108) 19. GHIRLANDA, S.J., Gianfranco
(1942-

Birth. July 5, 1942, in Rome, Italy.

Education. He worked at Fiat while studying at La Sapienza University of Rome and earned a doctorate in jurisprudence there in 1966. In that same year, he entered the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). Completed his theological studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1973. Successively, he obtained the laurea and the doctorate in canon law from the same university. From 1975, he taught canon law at the Institute of Religious Studies, at the Theological Faculty, and at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he later became ordinary professor; from 1995 to 2004, he was dean of the Faculty of Canon Law and from 2004 to 2010 he was rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University. He has been consultor in several congregations and councils: the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, the Congregation for the Clergy, the Pontifical Council of the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts, the Pontifical Council for the Lay, the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the Congregation for Bishops, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, member of the Dicastery for the Lai, the Family and Life, prelate and advocate at the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, judge of the Appeal Court of the State of Vatican City. He collaborated in the drafting of several apostolic constitutions. He has published several books and over 110 articles specialized mainly in canon law. He received an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain. On September 24, 2021, the Dicastery for the Lai, the Family and the Life, named him pontifical assistant for the canonical questions related to the Memores Domini. He was a major contributor to the apostolic constitution Praedicate Evangelium of Pope Francis.

Episcopate. He requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal consecration and the dispensation was granted by Pope Francis.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of SS. Nome di Gesù in that same consistory. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; Nomina di Consultori della Congregazione per i Vescovi, Rinunce e Nomine, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 15.01.2000; Nomina di Referendari del Supremo Tribunale della Segnatura Apostolica, Rinunce e Nomine, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 02.09.2000; Nomina di Esperti e di Uditori per la X Assemblea Generale del Sinodo dei Vescovi, Rinuncie e Nomine, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 17.09.2001; Nomina di Consultori della Congregazione per la Dottrina della Fede, Rinunce e Nomine, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 03.04.2003; Rev. Gianfranco Ghirlanda, S.J., Named Rector of the Gregorian, December 2004; Il Significato della Costituzione Apostolica Anglicanorum Coetibus (P. Gianfranco Ghirlanda, S.I., Rettore Magnifico della Pontificia Università Gregoriana), 4 novembre 2009; Jesuit Giancarlo Ghirlanda is papal assistant of Legion of Christ, Vatican Insider, 04 Luglio 2014; Vatican names Jesuit canon lawyer adviser to Legionaries of Christ by Cindy Wooden, National Catholic Reporter, Vatican City, Jul 7, 2014; Nomina di Membri e Consultori del Dicastero per i Laici, la Famiglia e la Vita, Rinunce e Nomine, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 06.10.2018; Comunicato della Santa Sede, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 24.09.2021 Conferenza Stampa di presentazione della Costituzione Apostolica “Praedicate Evangelium” sulla Curia Romana e il suo servizio alla Chiesa nel mondo, Intervento del Prof. Gianfranco Ghirlanda, S.I., Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 21.03.2022.

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(109) 20. FREZZA, Fortunato
(1942-

Birth. February 6, 1942, Montecalvello, a hamlet of Viterbo, then in the diocese of Bagnoregio, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Bagnoregio and at the Major Seminary of Viterbo.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1966, Sipicciano (VT), diocese of Viterbo by Bishop Luigi Rosa. Obtained the license in theology from the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1967. In 1977, he obtained the doctorate in Sacred Scriptures from the Pontifical Biblical Institute of Rome with a philological thesis on the book of the Profet Michea. During his priestly ministry from 1971 to 1984 he was pastor of Spicciano and at the same time professor of Sacred Scriptures in several theological institutes: Pontifical Gregorian University (as assistant); La Quercia Regional Seminary, Viterbo; at several institutes of religious science (Albano, Civita Castellana, Viterbo), Studentato teologico internazionale dei Giuseppini del Murialdo in Viterbo and of the salesians in Terrasanta. In 1983, he was named to the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops and from 1997 to 2014, he was its undersecretary. On March 18, 1999, he was named prelate of honor of His Holiness. In 2013, he was named canon of the Papal Basilica of St. Peter's in the Vatican; and in 2022, he became camerlengo of the chapter of Saint Peter's in the Vatican. He also held the position of spiritual assistant to personnel in the Directorate of Health and Hygiene in the Vatican; spiritual assistance to various monasteries of nuns; and chaplain of the football team A.S. Rome. His bibliographical publications currently count 123 titles in particular in the biblical field. Cerimoniere of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, January 20, 2015.

Episcopate. Elected titular of Treba, June 7, 2022. He was consecrated on July 23, 2022 in St. Peter's Basilica by Cardinal Mauro Maria Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv., archpriest of St. Peter's Vatican basilica and president of the Fabric of St. Peter, assisted by Edgar Robinson Peña Parra, titular archbishop of Telepte, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Jesús Esteban Catalá Ibañez, bishop of Málaga, Spain. His episcopal motto is Loquendo Scripturas Aperiens.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of August 27, 2022; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata in that same consistory. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; FREZZA Mons. Fortunato (Viterbo – Italia ), Diocesi di Roma; Viterbo, le prime parole del neo cardinale Fortunato Frezza: "Stupito e incredulo" by Daniela Venanzi, Corriere di Viterbo, 31 maggio 2022; Basilica di San Pietro. Fortunato Frezza diventa vescovo. Ad agosto sarà cardinale by Mimmo Muolo, Avvenire, sabato 23 luglio 2022.

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LOOY, S.B.D., Lucas van
(1941-

Birth September 28, 1941, Tielen, diocese of Antwerpen, Belgium.

Education. After his secondary studies with the Jesuit Fathers in Turnhout and at Don Bosco School in Hechtel, in 1961 he entered the Congregation of the Salesains of Don Bosco, where he did the novitiate. From 1962 to 1964, he completed his stduies of philosophy in the Salesian scholasticate in Groot-Bijgaarden, Belgium. He was sent to Korea for an internship as a young Salesian. Returning to Belgium, he studied theology at the Catholic University of Lovain (1967-1970), obtaining a license in missiologiy. He emitted his perpetual profession on March 6, 1968. He speaks Dutch, French, German, English, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and Korean.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 12, 1970, in Oud-Heverlee, Belgium. After his ordination he left as a missionary for Korea where he exercised as a teacher (1972-1974), chaplain of the Catholic students (1974-1978) and provincial (1978-1984). From 1984 to 1996, he was member of the Salesian General Council as responsable of the missions (1984-1990) and responsible for the Salesian youth pastoral (1990-1996). From 1996 he was vicar general of the rector major of the Salesians and at the same time he was responsible for the "Salesian Family".

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Gent, December 19, 2003. Consecrated, February 1, 2004, cathedral of Saint Bavon, Gent, by Cardinal Godfried Danneels, archbishop of Mechelen-Brussel, assisted by Arthur Luysterman, bishop of Gent, and by Paul Van den Berghe, bishop of Antwerpen. His episcopal motto is In nomine Patris. Participated in the 14th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 4-25, 2015, as a substitute for Belgium. Participated in in the 15th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 3-28, 2018. He resigned from the pastoral government of the diocese on November 27, 2019.

Cardinalate. He was going to be created a cardinal in the cocnistory of August 27, 2022 but on June 16, 2022, he asked the pope to dispense him with his acceptance of the appointment to the cardinalate. Pope Francis agreed to his request. The promotion had provoked many positive reactions, but also criticism that as bishop of Ghent he did not always react vigorously enough against abuses in the pastoral relationship. To prevent victims of such abuses from being hurt again as a result of his cardinalate, Bishop Van Looy asked the pope to dispense with his acceptance of the appointment.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; Rinuncia e Nomina del Vescovo di Gent (Belgium) e Nomina del Successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 19.12.2003; Protest, disbelief follow Belgium archbishop's AIDS statements by John A. Dick, National Catholic Reporter, Brussels, Oct 15, 2010; Paus bezorgt Gentse bisschop Luc Van Looy benoeming bij Caritas International, standaard.be, 03/07/2015 om 14:00; XIV Assemblea Generale Ordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi: Elenco dei Membri e dei Sostituti eletti dagli Organismi aventi diritto ratificati dal Santo Padre Francesco in data 22 maggio 2015, Sala Stampa dellla Santa Sede, 16.06.2015; Nomina di Membri del Consiglio Esecutivo di “Caritas Internationalis”, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 11.07.2015; XIV Assemblea Generale Ordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi (4-25 ottobre 2015) - Elenco dei Partecipanti, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 15.09.2015; XV Assemblea Generale Ordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi (3-28 ottobre 2018) – Elenco dei Partecipanti, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 15.09.2018; Paus Franciscus aanvaardt ontslag bisschop Luc Van Looy, kerkenet.be, 16 december 2018 - 10:47; Rinuncia del Vescovo di Gent (Belgio) e nomina del successore, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, 27.11.2019; Lode Van Hecke nieuwe bisschop van Gent, De Standaard, 27/11/2019 om 11:08; Mgr Van Looy ne sera pas cardinal, CathoBel, 16 juin 2022; Pope Francis accepts Belgian bishop’s request not to be made a cardinal, Catholic News Agency, London, England, Jun 16, 2022 / 10:21 am; El Papa Francisco acepta el pedido de un obispo de no ser creado cardenal, ACI Prensa, 16 de junio de 2022 12:40 pm; Mons. Luc Van Looy, vescovo belga, non accetta il cardinalato il 27 agosto. Riconosce di non essere stato fermo e deciso nel combattere la pedofilia, Il Sismografo, giovedì 16 giugno 2022; La Postilla della giornata: il caso del vescovo belga Lucas Van Looy rompe una catena di silenzi nel contrasto alla pedofilia anche nelle alte gerarchie, Il Sismografo, giovedì 16 giugno 2022; Nominato cardinale da Papa Francesco, rinuncia alla porpora perché ha insabbiato la pedofilia. Il caso di Lucas Van Looy by Francesco Antonio Grana, il Fatto Quotidiano, 16 Giugno 2022; Il vescovo belga Luc Van Looy rinuncia alla porpora. “Troppo superficiale sugli abusi”, Silere non possum, 16 giugno 2022; Il vescovo belga Van Looy rinuncia al cardinalato by Salvatore Cernuzio, Vatican News, Città del Vaticano, 16 giugno 2022, 20:30; Il vescovo Van Looy chiede al Papa di esonerarlo dal cardinalato, L'Osservatore Romano, 17 giugno 2022; Belgian bishop declines cardinal honor over abuse record by Nicole Winfield, AP News, Rome, June 17, 2022; Belgio. Decisione choc del vescovo Van Looy: «Rinuncio al cardinalato». Il Papa accetta by Andrea Galli, Avvenire, venerdì 17 giugno 2022; Belgian bishop asks pope not to make him a cardinal, La Croix International, June 17, 2022; Polemiche sugli abusi, il vescovo Van Looy rinuncia alla porpora by Annachiara Valle, Famiglia Cristiana, 18/06/2022; Intentional or not, Pope offers valuable conclave tip on abuse baggage by John L. Allen Jr., Crux, Rome, Jun 19, 2022; Essere cardinale nella Chiesa di Roma by Luc Van Looy, Settimana News, 11 agosto 2022.

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