The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope John VIII (872-882)
878 (III)

(4) 1. EUGENIO (?-before 898)

Birth. (No date or place found).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Bishop cardinalis of Ostia in 878. Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the synod celebrated by Pope John VIII in 879 in Rome, which redacted the Commonitorio consigned to the legates to the synod of Constantinople, requested by Patriarch Photius. On August 16, 879, he was sent as legate to Constantinople (along with Cardinal Pietro of S. Crisogono and Bishop Paulo of Ancona) to participate in that synod convoked for a final resolution of the dispute between the patriarch and the pope, reaffirming the union between East and West; the patriarch's main motive was to annul the dispositions of the synod of October 869 that had deposed him; the new synod was held in the cathedral of St. Sophia in November 879; in it, the patriarch obtained all he wanted supported by the great majority of the participants; the legates agreed to everything the majority wished; as soon as the legates had returned to Rome, Patriarch Photius sent the acts of the synod to the pope for his confirmation; instead Pope John VIII again excommunicated him; the schism broke out again and it lasted seven years, until the death of Emperor Basil I in 886. Later, he was sent as legate before the king of Bulgaria.

Death. Before 898, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 69; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, col. 666, no. XIII; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 1; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1927, p. 153, no. 2; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. IV; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 411.

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