The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Honorius IV (1285-1287)
Consistory of December 22, 1285 (I)

(1) 1. BOCCAMAZZA, Giovanni (towards mid-13th century?-1309)

Birth. Towards mid-13th century, Rome. Of the noble Savelli family. Son of Oddone Boccamazza. Cousin of Pope Honorius IV. He is also lsited as Iohannes de Tusculo and as Iohannes episcopus Tusculanus; and his last name as Boccamazzi; Boccamiti; as Boccamati; as Boccamaci; as Bochamacii; as Bocamathia; as Buccamati; and as Buccamatius.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Papal chaplain. Rector of the church of Saint-Fortunat, Sens. Archdeacon of Brussels. Canon of the cathedral chapters of Avranches, Metz Reims and Verdun. Prebendary of Stoke (Lincoln) in 1291. Abbot commendatario of S. Quirico di Rieti.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Monreale, August 15, 1278; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate; administrator of the same until August 1286. Consecrated (no information found). He escaped when the revolt of the Vespri Siciliani occurred in 1282; he alerted Pope Martin IV and King Carlo in Montefiascone; he probably did not return to his see.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Frascati in the consistory of December 22, 1285. Subscribed the papal bull of May 5, 1286. Named legate a latere in Germany, before Emperor Rudolph, on May 31, 1286; he went to Denmark, Sweden, Poland and Pomerania; and convoked a council in Würzburg. Participated in the conclave of 1287-1288, which elected Pope Nicholas IV. Subscribed papal bulls issued between September 3, 1288 and August 23, 1291. On November 25, 1289, he received permission to prepare his will. Participated in the conclave of 1292-1294, which elected Pope Celestine V. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Subscribed papal bulls issued between June 21, 1295 until October 2, 1300. Protector of the Order of S. Guglielmo in 1298. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1302. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. Reentered the papal curia in Avignon on June 13, 1309.

Death. August 10, 1309, Avignon. Buried in the church of the Dominicans in that city.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 27-28; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 253-254; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 131; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 11, 39 and 348.

Webgraphy. Biography by Ingeborg Walter, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 11 (1969), Treccani; biography, in Italian, diocese of Frascati; his arms and engraving, Araldica Vaticana.

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