The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory XVI (1831-1846)
Consistory of March 1, 1841 (XVII)


(55) 1. BONALD, Louis-Jacques-Maurice de

Birth. October 30, 1787, Millau, diocese of Rodes, France. Fourth son of Louis Gabriel de Bonald (1754-1840), viscount de la Rode, mayor of Millau (1776-1790), famous philosopher, and Marie Elisabeth Marguerite de Guibal de Combescure (1754-1826).

Education. He spent his first years (1793-1797) in Le Vigan with his mother, having his father emigrated with his two older brothers. Upon his father's return, he studied in Lyon (1797-1798); then, studied humanities at the school of the Fathers of the Faith of Amiens (1802), before entering the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice, Paris, (1806).

Priesthood. Ordained, February 22, 1812 (1). Member of the imperial chapel, Paris. In 1815, went to Rome as secretary of the French delegation to negotiate a new concordat with the Holy See. In the diocese of Chartres, archdeacon of its cathedral; vicar general for fifteen months. Almoner of the prince-count of Artois.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Le-Puy-en Velais, March 10, 1823. Consecrated, April 27, 1823, Paris, at the church of Saint-Sulpice, by Jean-Baptiste-Marie-Anne-Antoine de Latil, bishop of Chartres, assisted by Denis Frayssinous, titular bishop of Ermopoli, and by Jean-Pierre Chabons, bishop of Amiens. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, June 21, 1839. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lyon, April 27, 1840.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 1, 1841; received the red hat and the title of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio, May 23, 1842. Did not participate in the conclave of 1846, which elected Pope Pius IX. Member of the French Senate, 1852.

Death. February 25 (2), 1870, Lyon. Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Lyon.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 199; La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876, Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, p. 131; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 32, 45, 77 and 246.

Webgraphy. Biography by Joseph Sollier, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; his engraving, arms, portrait and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Vie de Son Éminence le cardinal de Bonald, archevêque de Lyon. Avec approbation de l'autorité ecclésiastique, Lyon, Briday, etc., etc., 1870, Hathi Trust, full view.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 77; but the French sources Catholicisme, Dictionnaire de biographie française (DBF), Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques (DHG), give December 21, 1811 as the date of his ordination.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 32; Chapeau, Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973, p. 199; and his biography in English, linked above; La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876, p. 131, says that he died on February 28, 1870.

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